Articles | Volume 20, issue 2
Research article
 | Highlight paper
24 Feb 2020
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 24 Feb 2020

The 22 December 2018 Mount Anak Krakatau volcanogenic tsunami on Sunda Strait coasts, Indonesia: tsunami and damage characteristics

Syamsidik, Benazir, Mumtaz Luthfi, Anawat Suppasri, and Louise K. Comfort

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Cited articles

Bani, P., Normier, A., Bacri, C., Allard, P., Gunawan, H., Hendrasto, M., Surono, and Tsanev, V.: First measurement of the volcanic gas output from Anak Krakatau, Indonesia, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 302, 23–241, 2015. 
BIG (Indonesia National Geospatial Information Agency):, last access: 23 December 2018. 
BNPB (Indonesia Disaster Management Agency): The Sunda Strait Tsunami, update on 13 January 2019, available at: (last access: 20 March 2019. 
Boen, T.: Sumatra Earthquke Dec 26 2004. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. California, USA, available at: Earthquake 26 Dec 2004.pdf (last access: 20 June 2019), 2005. 
Bonnaccorso, A., Calvary, S., Garfield, G., Lotado, L., and Patane, D.: Dynamics of the December 2002 flank failure and tsunami at Stromboli volcano inferred by volcanological and geophysical observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1941,, 2003. 
Short summary
On 22 December 2018, a tsunami was generated from the Mount Anak Krakatau area that was caused by volcanic flank failures. The tsunami had severe impacts on the western coasts of Banten and the southern coasts of Lampung in Indonesia. A series of surveys to measure the impacts of the tsunami was started 3 d after the tsunami and lasted for 10 d. This paper provides insights from the tsunami-affected area in terms of distribution of tsunami flow depths, boulders and building damage.
Final-revised paper