Articles | Volume 15, issue 5
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 1069–1085, 2015
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 1069–1085, 2015

Research article 27 May 2015

Research article | 27 May 2015

The 27 May 1937 catastrophic flow failure of gold tailings at Tlalpujahua, Michoacán, Mexico

J. L. Macías et al.

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Cited articles

Albinson, T., Norman, D. I., Cole, D., and Chomiak, B. A.: Controls on formation of low-sulfidation epithermal deposits in Mexico: constraints from fluid inclusion and stable isotope data. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication Series 8, 1–32, 2001.
Ayala-Carcedo, F. J.: La rotura de la balsa de residuos mineros de Aznalcóllar (España) de 1998 y el desastre ecológico consecuente del rio Guadiamar: causas, efectos y lecciones, Bolet\'in Geológico y Minero, 115, 711–738, 2004.
Azam, S. and Li, Q.: Tailings Dam Failures: A Review of the Last One Hundred Years. Geotechnical News, December, 50–53, 2010.
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Berti, M., Genevois, R., and Tecca, P. R.: The 1985 flow slide and debris flow at Stava (Italy), in: Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation, edited by: Chen, C.-L., American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, 309–321, 1997.
Short summary
On 27 May 1937, a voluminous flood caused the death of at least 300 people in the mining region of Tlalpujahua, Michoacán, central Mexico. The flood was triggered by the breaching of the impoundment of the Los Cedros tailings. The flood reached maximum speeds of ~25 m/s and deposited 1.5 x 10^6 m3 of material. The FLO-2D hydraulic model reproduced the breached flow (0.5 sediment concentration) with a maximum flow discharge of 8000 m3/sec and a total outflow volume of 2.5 x 106 m3.
Final-revised paper