Articles | Volume 22, issue 3
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 909–926, 2022
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 909–926, 2022
Research article
17 Mar 2022
Research article | 17 Mar 2022

Characteristics and beach safety knowledge of beachgoers on unpatrolled surf beaches in Australia

Lea Uebelhoer et al.

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Cited articles

Ajgaonkar, K., Khanolkar, S., Rodrigues, J., Shilker, E., Borkar, P., and Braz, E.: Development of a lifeguard assist drone for coastal search and rescue, in: Global Oceans 2020 Virtual Conference, October 2020, Mississippi, US Gulf Coast, 1–10,, 2020. 
Armstrong, R. A.: When to use the Bonferroni correction, Ophthalm. Physiol. Opt., 34, 502–508,, 2014. 
Arozarena, R. A., Houser, C., Echeverria, A. G., and Brannstrom, C.: The rip current hazard in Costa Rica, Nat. Hazards, 77, 753–768,, 2015. 
Attard, A., Brander, R. W., and Shaw, W. S.: Rescues conducted by surfers on Australian beaches, Accid. Anal. Prev., 82, 70–78,, 2015. 
AWSC – Australian Water Safety Council: Australian Water Safety Strategy 2030, Australian Water Safety Council, Sydney, 60 pp.,, last access: 14 October 2021. 
Short summary
Beachgoers at unpatrolled Australian beaches were surveyed to gain an understanding of their demographics, beach safety knowledge, and behaviour. Most visited unpatrolled beaches out of convenience and because they wanted to visit a quiet location. Despite being infrequent beachgoers, with poor swimming and hazard identification skills, most intended to enter the water. Authorities should go beyond the swim between the flags safety message, as people will always swim at unpatrolled beaches.
Final-revised paper