Articles | Volume 22, issue 3
Research article
17 Mar 2022
Research article |  | 17 Mar 2022

Characteristics and beach safety knowledge of beachgoers on unpatrolled surf beaches in Australia

Lea Uebelhoer, William Koon, Mitchell D. Harley, Jasmin C. Lawes, and Robert W. Brander

Related authors

Beach-face slope dataset for Australia
Kilian Vos, Wen Deng, Mitchell Dean Harley, Ian Lloyd Turner, and Kristen Dena Marie Splinter
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 1345–1357,,, 2022
Short summary
Beachgoers' ability to identify rip currents at a beach in situ
Sebastian J. Pitman, Katie Thompson, Deirdre E. Hart, Kevin Moran, Shari L. Gallop, Robert W. Brander, and Adam Wooler
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 115–128,,, 2021
Short summary
Environmental controls on surf zone injuries on high-energy beaches
Bruno Castelle, Tim Scott, Rob Brander, Jak McCarroll, Arthur Robinet, Eric Tellier, Elias de Korte, Bruno Simonnet, and Louis-Rachid Salmi
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 2183–2205,,, 2019
Short summary
Estimations of rip current rescues and drowning in the United States
B. Chris Brewster, Richard E. Gould, and Robert W. Brander
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 389–397,,, 2019
Short summary
Environmental signal shredding on sandy coastlines
Eli D. Lazarus, Mitchell D. Harley, Chris E. Blenkinsopp, and Ian L. Turner
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 77–86,,, 2019
Short summary

Related subject area

Sea, Ocean and Coastal Hazards
Modelling extreme water levels using intertidal topography and bathymetry derived from multispectral satellite images
Wagner L. L. Costa, Karin R. Bryan, and Giovanni Coco
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 3125–3146,,, 2023
Short summary
Regional assessment of extreme sea levels and associated coastal flooding along the German Baltic Sea coast
Joshua Kiesel, Marvin Lorenz, Marcel König, Ulf Gräwe, and Athanasios T. Vafeidis
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2961–2985,,, 2023
Short summary
Joint probability analysis of storm surges and waves caused by tropical cyclones for the estimation of protection standard: a case study on the eastern coast of the Leizhou Peninsula and the island of Hainan in China
Zhang Haixia, Cheng Meng, and Fang Weihua
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2697–2717,,, 2023
Short summary
Meteotsunami in the United Kingdom: the hidden hazard
Clare Lewis, Tim Smyth, David Williams, Jess Neumann, and Hannah Cloke
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2531–2546,,, 2023
Short summary
A new European coastal flood database for low-medium intensity events
Marine Le Gal, Tomás Fernández-Montblanc, Enrico Duo, Juan Montes Perez, Paulo Cabrita, Paola Souto Ceccon, Vera Gastal, Paolo Ciavola, and Clara Armaroli
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Ajgaonkar, K., Khanolkar, S., Rodrigues, J., Shilker, E., Borkar, P., and Braz, E.: Development of a lifeguard assist drone for coastal search and rescue, in: Global Oceans 2020 Virtual Conference, October 2020, Mississippi, US Gulf Coast, 1–10,, 2020. 
Armstrong, R. A.: When to use the Bonferroni correction, Ophthalm. Physiol. Opt., 34, 502–508,, 2014. 
Arozarena, R. A., Houser, C., Echeverria, A. G., and Brannstrom, C.: The rip current hazard in Costa Rica, Nat. Hazards, 77, 753–768,, 2015. 
Attard, A., Brander, R. W., and Shaw, W. S.: Rescues conducted by surfers on Australian beaches, Accid. Anal. Prev., 82, 70–78,, 2015. 
AWSC – Australian Water Safety Council: Australian Water Safety Strategy 2030, Australian Water Safety Council, Sydney, 60 pp.,, last access: 14 October 2021. 
Short summary
Beachgoers at unpatrolled Australian beaches were surveyed to gain an understanding of their demographics, beach safety knowledge, and behaviour. Most visited unpatrolled beaches out of convenience and because they wanted to visit a quiet location. Despite being infrequent beachgoers, with poor swimming and hazard identification skills, most intended to enter the water. Authorities should go beyond the swim between the flags safety message, as people will always swim at unpatrolled beaches.
Final-revised paper