Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Research article
06 Aug 2021
Research article |  | 06 Aug 2021

Vulnerability and site effects in earthquake disasters in Armenia (Colombia) – Part 2 : Observed damage and vulnerability

Francisco J. Chávez-García, Hugo Monsalve-Jaramillo, and Joaquín Vila-Ortega

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Cited articles

AIS – Asociación Colombiana de Ingeniería Sísmica: Estudio de microzonificación sísmica para orientar la reconstrucción de Armenia – Quindío, Quindío, Armenia, 1999. 
Alam, M. S., Sajjad, M. R., Yasir, Z., and Haque, F. M. M.: A statistical study on structural characteristics of RC building stock of Dhaka City for seismic loss assessment application, Appl. Mech. Mater., 330, 884–888, 2013. 
Cano-Saldaña, L., Monsalve-Jaramillo, H., Agudelo-Calvo, J. A., Upegui-Botero, F. M., and Jaramillo-Fernández J. D': Metodología para la evaluación del riesgo sísmico de pequeñas y medianas ciudades. Estudio de caso: zona centro de la ciudad de Armenia – Colombia, Revista Internacional de Desastres Naturales, Accidentes e Infraestructura Civil, 5, 3–20, 2005. 
Cardona, O. D.: Terremoto de Armenia, Colombia, enero 25 de 1999, Revista de Ingenieria Sísmica, 60, 21–42, 1999. 
CCCSR-84: Código colombiano de construcciones sismorresistentes 1984, Colombian Association of Earthquake Engineering (AIS), Ministry of Public Works and Transportation, and National Bureau for Disaster Attention and Prevention, Bogotá, 1984. 
Short summary
We analyze earthquake damage observed in Armenia, Colombia, during the 1999 event. We investigate the reasons behind the damage and the possibility of predicting it using vulnerability studies. We show that vulnerability was a major factor and that observed damage was predicted by a vulnerability study made in 1993, which sadly had no societal impact. The comparison between two vulnerability studies, in 1993 and 2004, suggests that Armenia may still be highly vulnerable to future earthquakes.
Final-revised paper