Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2345–2354, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2345-2021
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2345–2354, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2345-2021

Research article 06 Aug 2021

Research article | 06 Aug 2021

Vulnerability and site effects in earthquake disasters in Armenia (Colombia) – Part 2 : Observed damage and vulnerability

Francisco J. Chávez-García et al.

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Short summary
We analyze earthquake damage observed in Armenia, Colombia, during the 1999 event. We investigate the reasons behind the damage and the possibility of predicting it using vulnerability studies. We show that vulnerability was a major factor and that observed damage was predicted by a vulnerability study made in 1993, which sadly had no societal impact. The comparison between two vulnerability studies, in 1993 and 2004, suggests that Armenia may still be highly vulnerable to future earthquakes.
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