Articles | Volume 21, issue 6
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1759–1767, 2021

Special issue: Understanding compound weather and climate events and related...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1759–1767, 2021

Research article 03 Jun 2021

Research article | 03 Jun 2021

Spatially compounded surge events: an example from hurricanes Matthew and Florence

Scott Curtis et al.

Related subject area

Sea, Ocean and Coastal Hazards
Tsunami damage to ports: cataloguing damage to create fragility functions from the 2011 Tohoku event
Constance Ting Chua, Adam D. Switzer, Anawat Suppasri, Linlin Li, Kwanchai Pakoksung, David Lallemant, Susanna F. Jenkins, Ingrid Charvet, Terence Chua, Amanda Cheong, and Nigel Winspear
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1887–1908,,, 2021
Short summary
A cross-scale study for compound flooding processes during Hurricane Florence
Fei Ye, Wei Huang, Yinglong J. Zhang, Saeed Moghimi, Edward Myers, Shachak Pe'eri, and Hao-Cheng Yu
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Reconstruction of flow conditions from 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami deposits at the Phra Thong island using a deep neural network inverse model
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Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1229–1245,,, 2021
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Cited articles

Associated Press: The latest: Death toll rises to 43 in aftermath of Florence, available at: (last access: 18 December 2020), 21 September 2018. 
Blanchet, J. and Creutin, J. D.: Co-occurrence of extreme daily rainfall in the French Mediterranean region, Water. Resor. Res., 54, 2233–2248,, 2017. 
Brunner, M. I., Gilleland, E., Wood, A., Swain, D. L., and Clark, M.: Spatial dependence of floods shaped by spatiotemporal variations in meteorological and land-surface processes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2020GL088000,, 2020. 
Du, Y., Xie, Z. Q., and Miao, Q.: Spatial scales of heavy Meiyu precipitation events in eastern China and associated atmospheric processes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2020GL087086,, 2020. 
Koks, E. E., Rozenberg, J., Zorn, C., Tariverdi, M., Vousdoukas, M., Fraser, S. A., Hall, J. W., and Hallegatte, S.: A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets, Nat. Commun., 10, 2677,, 2019. 
Short summary
Storm surge flooding can challenge rescue and recovery operations, especially over large estuaries and populated barrier islands. Understanding the relationship between storm and tidal characteristics and surge timing is important for proper resourcing prior to an event. Here we compare the concurrency of maximum observed surge and areal extent of effective hazard operations for hurricanes Matthew and Florence in eastern North Carolina, USA. Matthew was a more spatially compounded surge event.
Final-revised paper