Articles | Volume 18, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 2203–2219, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-2203-2018
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 2203–2219, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-2203-2018

Research article 17 Aug 2018

Research article | 17 Aug 2018

Paleotsunami deposits along the coast of Egypt correlate with historical earthquake records of eastern Mediterranean

Asem Salama et al.

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Cited articles

Abbas, M. S., El-Morsy, M. H., Shahba, M. A., and Moursy, F. I.: Ecological studies in coastal sand dune rangelands in the North-West of Egypt, Meeting of the Sub-network on Mediterranean Forage Resources of the FAO-CIHEAM Inter-regional Cooperative Research and Development Network on Pastures and Fodder Crops, Elvas, Portugal, 389–393, 2008. 
Abu al-Fida, I. I. H.: The Concise History of Humanity or Chronicles (Tarikhu 'al-Mukhtasar fi Akhbar al-Bashar in 1329), Al-Husayniyah Press, Cairo, 2 volumes, 1112 pp., 1907 (in Arabic). 
Ambraseys, N.: Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East: A Multidisciplinary Study of Seismicity up to 1900, Cambridge University Press, UK, 947 pp., 2009. 
Ambraseys, N. N., Melville, C. P., and Adam, R. D.: The seismicity of Egypt, Arabia and Red Sea: A Historical Review, Cambridge University Press, UK, 181 pp., 1994. 
Atwater, B.: Evidence for great holocene earthquakes along the outer coast of Washington state, Science, 236, 942–944, 1987. 
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Short summary
We study the sedimentary record of past tsunamis along the coastal area west of Alexandria (northwestern Egypt), taking into account the occurrence of major historical earthquakes in the eastern Mediterranean. Dated charcoal and shell in sedimentary units allow the correlation with the 1870 (Mw 7.5), 1303 (Mw ~8) and 365 (Mw ~8) large tsunamigenic earthquakes. Our results point out the size and recurrence of past tsunamis and related hazards on the Egyptian coastline and eastern Mediterranean.
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