Articles | Volume 20, issue 9
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2415–2432, 2020
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2415–2432, 2020

Research article 14 Sep 2020

Research article | 14 Sep 2020

Storm tide amplification and habitat changes due to urbanization of a lagoonal estuary

Philip M. Orton et al.

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Cited articles

Aretxabaleta, A. L., Ganju, N. K., Butman, B., and Signell, R. P.: Observations and a linear model of water level in an interconnected inlet-bay system, J. Geophys. Res., 122, 2760–2780, 2017. 
Bache, A. D.: New York Bay and Harbor, New York, Coast Chart No. 20, United States Coastal Survey, Washington, D.C., 1882. 
Bien, J. R. and Vermeule, C. C.: The Narrows to Jamaica Bay-Coney Island, north to Brooklyn, Atlas of the Metropolitan Area and Adjacent Country, Julius Bien & Co, New York, NY, 1891a. 
Bien, J. R. and Vermeule, C. C.: Jamaica Bay, Atlas of the Metropolitan District and adjacent country, Julius Bien & Co, New York, NY, 1891b. 
Black, F. R.: Jamaica Bay: A History (Cultural Resource Management Study No. 3), United States Department of the Interior, National Parks Service, Washington, D.C., 1981. 
Short summary
The geometry of estuaries is often altered through dredging to make room for ships and with extensive landfill over wetlands to enable development. Here, we use historical maps to help create computational models of seawater flow around and into a lagoonal bay of New York City for the 1880s and 2010s. Our results show that these past man-made changes cause higher coastal storm tides and that they result specifically from deeper depths, expanded inlet width, and landfill.
Final-revised paper