Articles | Volume 19, issue 7
Research article
11 Jul 2019
Research article |  | 11 Jul 2019

From rapid visual survey to multi-hazard risk prioritisation and numerical fragility of school buildings

Roberto Gentile, Carmine Galasso, Yunita Idris, Ibnu Rusydy, and Ella Meilianda

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Cited articles

Angeletti, P., Bellina, A., Guagenti, E., Moretti, A., and Petrini, V.: Comparison between vulnerability assessment and damage index, Proceedings of the Ninth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Japan, 181–186, 1988. 
ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers): Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, ASCE/SEI Standard 7–10, Reston, Virginia, USA, 2010. 
ATC (Applied Technology Council): Tentative Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for Buildings, Report No. ATC 3-06, Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, California, 1978. 
BSN (Badan Standarisasi Nasional): SKBI, Pedoman perencanaan pembebanan untuk rumah dan gedung, Jackarta, Indonesia, 1987 (in Indonesian). 
BSN (Badan Standarisasi Nasional): SNI 1726:2002, Standar perencanaan ketahanan gempa untuk struktur bangunan Gedung, Jackarta, Indonesia, 2002 (in Indonesian).  
Short summary
This paper introduces the INSPIRE index, which quantifies the relative seismic risk of reinforced concrete buildings. A rapid visual survey form is proposed, which allows us to (1) calculate the INSPIRE index, (2) calculate a tsunami risk index, and (3) define archetype buildings to be analysed in more detail. The effectiveness of such tools is demonstrated with an application to 85 school buildings in Indonesia, also providing detailed numerical simulations for an archetype building.
Final-revised paper