Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Research article
26 Aug 2021
Research article |  | 26 Aug 2021

Variability in lightning hazard over Indian region with respect to El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phases

Avaronthan Veettil Sreenath, Sukumarapillai Abhilash, and Pattathil Vijaykumar

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Cited articles

Abhilash, S., Mohankumar, K., and Das, S.: Simulation of microphysical structure associated with tropical cloud clusters using mesoscale model and comparison with TRMM observations, Int. J. Remote Sens., 29, 2411–2432, 2008. a
Ahmad, A. and Ghosh, M.: Variability of lightning activity over India on ENSO time scales, Adv. Space Res., 60, 2379–2388, 2017. a
Blakeslee, R. J., Mach, D. M., Bateman, M. G., and Bailey, J. C.: Seasonal variations in the lightning diurnal cycle and implications for the global electric circuit, Atmos. Res., 135, 228–243, 2014. a
Cecil, D. J.: LIS/OTD 2.5 Degree Low Resolution Monthly Climatology Time Series (LRMTS), NASA Global Hydrology Resource Center DAAC [data set], Huntsville, Alabama, USA,, 2006. a
Cecil, D. J., Buechler, D. E., and Blakeslee, R. J.: Gridded lightning climatology from TRMM-LIS and OTD: Dataset description, Atmos. Res., 135, 404–414, 2014. a, b, c, d, e
Short summary
Lightning is a multifaceted hazard with widespread negative consequences for the environment and society. We explore how El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phases impact the lightning over India by modulating the deep convection and associated atmospheric thermodynamics. Results show that ENSO phases directly influence lightning during monsoon and postmonsoon seasons by pushing the mean position of subtropical westerlies southward.
Final-revised paper