Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2597–2609, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2597-2021
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2597–2609, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2597-2021

Research article 26 Aug 2021

Research article | 26 Aug 2021

Variability in lightning hazard over Indian region with respect to El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phases

Avaronthan Veettil Sreenath et al.

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Cited articles

Abhilash, S., Mohankumar, K., and Das, S.: Simulation of microphysical structure associated with tropical cloud clusters using mesoscale model and comparison with TRMM observations, Int. J. Remote Sens., 29, 2411–2432, 2008. a
Ahmad, A. and Ghosh, M.: Variability of lightning activity over India on ENSO time scales, Adv. Space Res., 60, 2379–2388, 2017. a
Blakeslee, R. J., Mach, D. M., Bateman, M. G., and Bailey, J. C.: Seasonal variations in the lightning diurnal cycle and implications for the global electric circuit, Atmos. Res., 135, 228–243, 2014. a
Cecil, D. J.: LIS/OTD 2.5 Degree Low Resolution Monthly Climatology Time Series (LRMTS), NASA Global Hydrology Resource Center DAAC [data set], Huntsville, Alabama, USA, https://doi.org/10.5067/LIS/LIS-OTD/DATA309, 2006. a
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Lightning is a multifaceted hazard with widespread negative consequences for the environment and society. We explore how El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phases impact the lightning over India by modulating the deep convection and associated atmospheric thermodynamics. Results show that ENSO phases directly influence lightning during monsoon and postmonsoon seasons by pushing the mean position of subtropical westerlies southward.
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