Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2597–2609, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2597-2021
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2597–2609, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2597-2021
Research article
26 Aug 2021
Research article | 26 Aug 2021

Variability in lightning hazard over Indian region with respect to El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phases

Avaronthan Veettil Sreenath et al.

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Latest update: 25 Jun 2022
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Short summary
Lightning is a multifaceted hazard with widespread negative consequences for the environment and society. We explore how El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phases impact the lightning over India by modulating the deep convection and associated atmospheric thermodynamics. Results show that ENSO phases directly influence lightning during monsoon and postmonsoon seasons by pushing the mean position of subtropical westerlies southward.
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