Articles | Volume 19, issue 5
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1087–1103, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-1087-2019

Special issue: Remote sensing, modelling-based hazard and risk assessment,...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1087–1103, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-1087-2019
Research article
27 May 2019
Research article | 27 May 2019

Chilling accumulation in fruit trees in Spain under climate change

Alfredo Rodríguez et al.

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Cited articles

AEMET: Mapas de riesgo: Heladas y horas frío en la España peninsular (periodo 2002–2012), available at: https://www.aemet.es/documentos/es/serviciosclimaticos/datosclimatologicos/atlas_climatico/Mapas_de_riesgo_2002-2012_WEB.pdf, last access: 6 November 2018. 
Alburquerque, N., García-Montiel, F., Carrillo, A., and Burgos, L.: Chilling and heat requirements of sweet cherry cultivars and the relationship between altitude and the probability of satisfying the chill requirements, Environ. Exp. Bot., 64, 162–170, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2008.01.003, 2008. 
Aybar, V. E., Melo-Abreu, J. P., Searles, P. S., Matias, A. C., Del Rio, C., Caballero, J. M., and Rousseaux, M. C.: Evaluation of olive flowering at low latitude sites in Argentina using a chilling requirement model, Span. J. Agric. Res., 13, e09-001, https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2015131-6375, 2015. 
Benmoussa, H., Ghrab, M., Ben Mimoun, M., and Luedeling, E.: Chilling and heat requirements for local and foreign almond (Prunus dulcis Mill.) cultivars in a warm Mediterranean location based on 30 years of phenology records, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 239, 34–46, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.02.030, 2017a. 
Benmoussa, H., Luedeling, E., Ghrab, M., Ben Yahmed, J., and Ben Mimoun, M.: Performance of pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) in warming Mediterranean orchards, Environ. Exp. Bot., 140, 76–85, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2017.05.007, 2017b. 
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Short summary
Growing trees are vulnerable to cold temperatures. Fruit trees stop their growth during the coldest months of the year until meeting a required cold accumulation, specific for each tree species and variety. Under global warming, a reduction in cold accumulation in Spain is projected. This threatens the viability of some current tree crops and varieties in some areas, but other varieties with less requirements can be used. Our results allow adaptation of tree plantations to climate change.
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