Articles | Volume 16, issue 4
Research article
19 Apr 2016
Research article |  | 19 Apr 2016

Factors of subjective heat stress of urban citizens in contexts of everyday life

Tina Kunz-Plapp, Julia Hackenbruch, and Janus Willem Schipper

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Cited articles

Abrahamson, V., Wolf, J., Lorenzoni, I., Fenn, B., Kovats, S., Wilkinson, P., Adger, W. N., and Raine, R.: Perceptions of heatwave risks to health: interview-based study of older people in London and Norwich, UK, J. Public Health (Oxf.), 31, 119–126,, 2009.
Bach, C., Birkmann, J., Kropp, J., Olonschek, M., Setiadi, N., Vollmer, M., and Walter, C.: Abschätzung der Verwundbarkeit gegenüber Hitzewellen und Starkregen, Praxis im Bevölkerungsschutz, Band 11, Auflage 09/2013, Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe (BBK), Bonn, Germany,;jsessionid=199B822A577456D2630E993DAF4770CE.1_cid345?__blob=_publicationFile (last access: 31 March 2016), 172 pp., 2013.
Bassil, K. L. and Cole, D. C.: Effectiveness of public health interventions in reducing morbidity and mortality during heat episodes: a structured review, Int. J. Env. Res. Public Health, 7, 991–1001,, 2010.
Basu, R. and Samet, J. M.: An exposure assessment study of ambient heat exposure in an elderly population in Baltimore, Maryland, Environ. Health. Persp., 110, 1219–1224, 2002.
Beniston, M., Stephenson, D. B., Christensen, O. B., Ferro, C. A., Frei, C., Goyette, S., Halsnaes, K., Holt, T., Jylhä, K., Koffi, B., Palutikof, J., Schöll, R., Semmler, T., and Woth, K.: Future extreme events in European climate: an exploration of regional climate model projections, Climatic Change, 81, 71–95,, 2007.
Short summary
We present a survey on subjective heat stress experienced by 323 residents of Karlsruhe, Germany, during heat waves in summer 2013. The results show that subjective heat stress permeates daily life, and measures to cope with heat are performed within the scope of action in daily life. Various individual, social, and environmental factors influence the individual heat stress level. For societal adaptation, further research is necessary on how daily life enables or limits coping with heat.
Final-revised paper