Articles | Volume 20, issue 9
Research article
22 Sep 2020
Research article |  | 22 Sep 2020

The object-specific flood damage database HOWAS 21

Patric Kellermann, Kai Schröter, Annegret H. Thieken, Sören-Nils Haubrock, and Heidi Kreibich

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Cited articles

Barredo, J. I.: Normalised flood losses in Europe: 1970–2006, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9, 97–104,, 2009. 
Blong, R.: Residential building damage and natural perils: examples and issues, Build. Res. Inf., 32, 379–390, 2004. 
Bouwer, L. M.: Have disaster losses increased due to anthropogenic climate change?, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 92, 39–46, 2011. 
Breiman, L.: Random forests, Mach. Learn., 45, 5–32, 2001. 
Buck, W. and Merkel, U.: Auswertung der HOWAS Schadendatenbank. Institut für Wasserwirtschaft und Kulturtechnik der Universität Karlsruhe, HY98/15, 1999. 
Short summary
The flood damage database HOWAS 21 contains object-specific flood damage data resulting from fluvial, pluvial and groundwater flooding. The datasets incorporate various variables of flood hazard, exposure, vulnerability and direct tangible damage at properties from several economic sectors. This paper presents HOWAS 21 and highlights exemplary analyses to demonstrate the use of HOWAS 21 flood damage data.
Final-revised paper