Articles | Volume 22, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2589–2609, 2022
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 2589–2609, 2022
Research article
12 Aug 2022
Research article | 12 Aug 2022

Modelling the sequential earthquake–tsunami response of coastal road embankment infrastructure

Azucena Román-de la Sancha et al.

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Cited articles

Akiyama, M., Frangopol, D. M., and Ishibashi, H.: Toward life-cycle reliability-, risk- and resilience-based design and assessment of bridges and bridge networks under independent and interacting hazards: emphasis on earthquake, tsunami and corrosion, Struct. Infrastruct. Eng., 16, 26–50,, 2020. 
Altomare, C., Crespo, A. J. C., Domínguez, J. M., Gómez-Gesteira, M., Suzuki, T., and Verwaest, T.: Applicability of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics for estimation of sea wave impact on coastal structures, Coast. Eng., 96, 1–12,, 2015. 
Andrus, R. D. and Stokoe, K. H.: Liquefaction resistance based on shear wave velocity, in: Technical Report NCEER-97-0022, NCEER Workshop on Evaluation of Liquefaction Resistance of Soils, Salt Lake City, UT, edited by: Youd, T. L. and Idriss, I. M., National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Buffalo, NY, 89–128, (last access: 6 August 2022), 1999. 
Argyroudis, S. and Kaynia, A. M.: Analytical seismic fragility functions for highway and railway embankments and cuts, Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dynam., 44, 1863–1879,, 2015. 
Argyroudis, S. A. and Mitoulis, S. A.: Vulnerability of bridges to individual and multiple hazards- floods and earthquakes, Reliabil. Eng. Syst. Safe., 210, 107564,, 2021. 
Short summary
Transport networks in coastal urban areas are vulnerable to seismic events, with damage likely due to both ground motions and tsunami loading. The paper presents an approach that captures the earthquake–tsunami effects on transport infrastructure in a coastal area, taking into consideration the combined strains of the two events. The model is applied to a case in Manzanillo, Mexico, using ground motion records of the 1995 earthquake–tsunami event.
Final-revised paper