Articles | Volume 21, issue 3
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1087–1100, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-1087-2021

Special issue: Resilience to risks in built environments

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1087–1100, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-1087-2021

Research article 24 Mar 2021

Research article | 24 Mar 2021

Strategies for adapting to hazards and environmental inequalities in coastal urban areas: what kind of resilience for these territories?

Nathalie Long et al.

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Cited articles

André, C., Boulet, D., Rey-Valette, H., and Rulleau, B.: Protection by hard defence structures or relocation of assets exposed to coastal risks: contributions and drawbacks of cost-benefit analysis for long-term adaptation choices to climate change, Ocean Coast. Manage., 134, 173–182, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2016.10.003, 2016. 
Assarkhaniki, Z., Rajabifard, A., and Sabri, S.: The conceptualisation of resilience dimensions and comprehensive quantification of the associated indicators: a systematic approach, Int. J. Disast. Risk Reduct., 51, 101840, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101840, 2020. 
Bertin, X., Bruneau, N., Breilh, J. F., Fortunato, A. B., and Karpytchev, M.: Importance of wave age and resonance in storm surges: the cas Xynthia, Bay of Biscay, Ocean Model., 42, 16–30, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.11.001, 2012. 
Boda, C. S.: From economic choice to social choice in coastal management: a critical assessment of the use of cost-benefit analysis in the evaluation of an erosion control project in Flagler County, Florida, U. S. A., Ocean Coast. Manage., 162, 85–99, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.09.017, 2018. 
Brulle, R. J. and Pellow, D. N.: Environmental justice: human health and environmental inequalities, Annu. Rev. Publ. Health, 27, 103–124, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.27.021405.102124, 2006. 
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Short summary
Climate change is leading to an increase in extreme events and enforces the development of adaptation strategies to face coastal risk. These strategies modify the inequalities barely considered during the decision-making process and question the resilience of these territories. On the French Atlantic coast, the study reveals that the managed retreat strategy seems the most sustainable over time, while the holding the coastline strategy reinforces inequalities and costs for the whole society.
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