Articles | Volume 22, issue 9
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-2829-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-2829-2022
Research article
 | 
31 Aug 2022
Research article |  | 31 Aug 2022

Insights into the vulnerability of vegetation to tephra fallouts from interpretable machine learning and big Earth observation data

Sébastien Biass, Susanna F. Jenkins, William H. Aeberhard, Pierre Delmelle, and Thomas Wilson

Related authors

Volcanic risk ranking and regional mapping of the Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes
Maria-Paz Reyes-Hardy, Luigia Sara Di Maio, Lucia Dominguez, Corine Frischknecht, Sébastien Biass, Leticia Guimarães, Amiel Nieto-Torres, Manuela Elissondo, Gabriela Pedreros, Rigoberto Aguilar, Álvaro Amigo, Sebastián García, Pablo Forte, and Costanza Bonadonna
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2023-225,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2023-225, 2024
Preprint under review for NHESS
Short summary
Grain size modulates volcanic ash retention on crop foliage and potential yield loss
Noa Ligot, Patrick Bogaert, Sébastien Biass, Guillaume Lobet, and Pierre Delmelle
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 1355–1369, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1355-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1355-2023, 2023
Short summary
Evaluating and ranking Southeast Asia's exposure to explosive volcanic hazards
Susanna F. Jenkins, Sébastien Biass, George T. Williams, Josh L. Hayes, Eleanor Tennant, Qingyuan Yang, Vanesa Burgos, Elinor S. Meredith, Geoffrey A. Lerner, Magfira Syarifuddin, and Andrea Verolino
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1233–1265, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-1233-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-1233-2022, 2022
Short summary
Assessing the effectiveness and the economic impact of evacuation: the case of the island of Vulcano, Italy
Costanza Bonadonna, Ali Asgary, Franco Romerio, Tais Zulemyan, Corine Frischknecht, Chiara Cristiani, Mauro Rosi, Chris E. Gregg, Sebastien Biass, Marco Pistolesi, Scira Menoni, and Antonio Ricciardi
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1083–1108, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-1083-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-1083-2022, 2022
Short summary
Mapping the susceptibility of rain-triggered lahars at Vulcano island (Italy) combining field characterization, geotechnical analysis, and numerical modelling
Valérie Baumann, Costanza Bonadonna, Sabatino Cuomo, Mariagiovanna Moscariello, Sebastien Biass, Marco Pistolesi, and Alessandro Gattuso
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 2421–2449, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-2421-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-2421-2019, 2019
Short summary

Related subject area

Volcanic Hazards
The 2021 La Palma volcanic eruption and its impact on ionospheric scintillation as measured from GNSS reference stations, GNSS-R and GNSS-RO
Carlos Molina, Badr-Eddine Boudriki Semlali, Guillermo González-Casado, Hyuk Park, and Adriano Camps
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 3671–3684, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-3671-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-3671-2023, 2023
Short summary
SEATANI: hazards from seamounts in SouthEast Asia, Taiwan, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (eastern India)
Andrea Verolino, Su Fen Wee, Susanna F. Jenkins, Fidel Costa, and Adam D. Switzer
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-2950249/v2,https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-2950249/v2, 2023
Short summary
Lava flow hazard modeling during the 2021 Fagradalsfjall eruption, Iceland: applications of MrLavaLoba
Gro B. M. Pedersen, Melissa A. Pfeffer, Sara Barsotti, Simone Tarquini, Mattia de'Michieli Vitturi, Bergrún A. Óladóttir, and Ragnar Heiðar Þrastarson
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 3147–3168, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-3147-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-3147-2023, 2023
Short summary
Assessing long-term tephra fallout hazard in southern Italy from Neapolitan volcanoes
Silvia Massaro, Manuel Stocchi, Beatriz Martínez Montesinos, Laura Sandri, Jacopo Selva, Roberto Sulpizio, Biagio Giaccio, Massimiliano Moscatelli, Edoardo Peronace, Marco Nocentini, Roberto Isaia, Manuel Titos Luzón, Pierfrancesco Dellino, Giuseppe Naso, and Antonio Costa
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2289–2311, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-2289-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-2289-2023, 2023
Short summary
Clustering of eruptive events from high-precision strain signals recorded during the 2020–2022 lava fountains at the Etna volcano (Italy)
Luigi Carleo, Gilda Currenti, and Alessandro Bonaccorso
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 1743–1754, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1743-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1743-2023, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Akiba, T., Sano, S., Yanase, T., Ohta, T., and Koyama, M.: Optuna: A next-generation hyperparameter optimization framework, in: Proceedings of the 25th ACM SIGKDD international conference on knowledge discovery & data mining, New York, NY, USA, 2623–2631, https://doi.org/10.1145/3292500.3330701, 2019. 
Arnalds, O.: The Influence of Volcanic Tephra (Ash) on Ecosystems, in: Advances in Agronomy, vol. 121, edited by: Sparks, D., Elsevier, Amsterdam, 331–380, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-407685-3.00006-2, 2013. 
Asoka, A. and Mishra, V.: Prediction of vegetation anomalies to improve food security and water management in India, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 5290–5298, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063991, 2015. 
Ayris, P. M. and Delmelle, P.: The immediate environmental effects of tephra emission, Bull. Volcanol., 74, 1905–1936, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-012-0654-5, 2012. 
Bagheri, G., Rossi, E., Biass, S., and Bonadonna, C.: Timing and nature of volcanic particle clusters based on field and numerical investigations, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 327, 520–530, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.09.009, 2016. 
Download
Short summary
We present a methodology that combines big Earth observation data and interpretable machine learning to revisit the impact of past volcanic eruptions recorded in archives of multispectral satellite imagery. Using Google Earth Engine and dedicated numerical modelling, we revisit and constrain processes controlling vegetation vulnerability to tephra fallout following the 2011 eruption of Cordón Caulle volcano, illustrating how this approach can inform the development of risk-reduction policies.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint