Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2503–2521, 2021

Special issue: Integrated assessment of climate change impacts at selected...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2503–2521, 2021

Research article 23 Aug 2021

Research article | 23 Aug 2021

Flood and drought risk assessment for agricultural areas (Tagus Estuary, Portugal)

Paula Freire et al.

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Cited articles

Ale, B., Burnap, P., and Slater, D.: On the origin of PCDS – (Probability consequence diagrams), Safety Sci., 72, 229–239,, 2015. 
Aleksandrova, M., Gain, A. K., and Giupponi, C.: Assessing agricultural systems vulnerability to climate change to inform adaptation planning: an application in Khorezm, Uzbekistan, Mitig. Adapt. Strat. Gl., 21, 1263–1287,, 2016. 
André, C., Monfort, D., Bouzit, M., and Vinchon, C.: Contribution of insurance data to cost assessment of coastal flood damage to residential buildings: insights gained from Johanna (2008) and Xynthia (2010) storm events, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 2003–2012,, 2013. 
APA: Plano de Gestão da Região Hidrográfica do Tejo, Relatório Técnico – Síntese, Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente, Ministério da Agricultura, do Mar, do Ambiente e do Ordenamento do Território, Lisbon, Portugal, 294 pp., 2012. 
APA: Programa COSMO, available at:, last access: 17 August 2021. 
Short summary
This paper presents a risk assessment approach addressing the two main natural risks that affect agricultural estuarine lowlands: the scarcity of freshwater for irrigation and marine submersion. The approach is applied to an important agricultural area located in the Tagus Estuary (Portugal). Results show that the approach is appropriate to support risk owners in taking actions to mitigate the risk mainly when the possible impact of climate change in risk levels is considered.
Final-revised paper