Volcanic risk ranking and regional mapping of the Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes
Abstract. The Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes (CVZA) extends from southern Peru, through the altiplano of Bolivia, to Puna de Atacama of northern Chile and Argentina, between latitudes 14–28° S of the Andean cordillera, with altitudes raising up to more than 4,000 m above sea level. Given the large number of active volcanoes in this area, which are often located close to both urban areas and critical infrastructure, prioritization of volcanic risk reduction strategies is crucial. However, the identification of hazardous active volcanoes is challenging due to the limited accessibility. Here, we identify the riskiest volcanoes based on complementary strategies including i) a regional mapping based on volcanic hazard parameters and surrounding density of elements at risk combined with ii) the application of the recently developed Volcanic Risk Ranking methodology that integrates hazard, exposure and vulnerability as factors that increase risk, and resilience as a factor that reduces risk. The method identifies 59 active and potentially active volcanoes that not only highlights the volcanic centers with the most intense and frequent volcanic eruptions (e.g., El Misti and Ubinas volcanoes (Peru)) and the highest density of exposed elements (e.g., the cities of Arequipa and Mequegua (Peru)), but also those with the highest potential impact requiring risk mitigation actions (i.e., Cerro Blanco (Argentina), Yucamane, Huaynaputina, Tutupaca, and Ticsani (Peru)).
Active and potentially active volcanoes of the Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes (CVZA) https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch//unige:172413
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