Articles | Volume 17, issue 12
Research article
19 Dec 2017
Research article |  | 19 Dec 2017

Structural analysis of S-wave seismics around an urban sinkhole: evidence of enhanced dissolution in a strike-slip fault zone

Sonja H. Wadas, David C. Tanner, Ulrich Polom, and Charlotte M. Krawczyk

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Cited articles

Abelson, M., Baer, G., Shtivelman, V., Wachs, D., Raz, E., Crouvi, O., Kurzon, I., and Yechieli, Y.: Collapse-sinkholes and radar interferometry reveal neotectonics concealed within the Dead Sea basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 10, 52.1–52.3,, 2003.
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Augarde, C. E., Lyamin, A. V., and Sloan, S. W.: Prediction of Undrained Sinkhole Collapse, J. Geotech. Geoenviron., 129, 3, 197–205,, 2003.
Baker, G. S.: Processing Near-Surface Seismic Reflection Data: A primer, Course Note Series-Soc. Expl. Geophys., 9, 1–7,, 1999.
Beck, B. F.: Environmental and engineering effects of sinkholes – the process behind the problems, Environ. Geol., 12, 2, 71–78,, 1988.
Short summary
In 2010 a sinkhole opened up in the urban area of Schmalkalden, Germany. Shear-wave reflection seismic profiles were carried out around the sinkhole to investigate the reasons for the collapse. A strike-slip fault and a fracture network were identified that serve as fluid pathways for water-leaching soluble rocks near the surface. The more complex the fault geometry and interaction between faults, the more prone an area is to sinkhole occurrence.
Final-revised paper