Articles | Volume 16, issue 5
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1217–1237, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-1217-2016
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1217–1237, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-1217-2016

Research article 30 May 2016

Research article | 30 May 2016

Calibration and evaluation of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index (FWI) System for improved wildland fire danger rating in the United Kingdom

Mark C. de Jong et al.

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Cited articles

Albertson, K., Aylen, J., Cavan, G., and McMorrow, J.: Forecasting the outbreak of moorland wild fires in the English Peak District, J. Environ. Manage., 90, 2642–2651, 2009.
Alexander, M. E. and Cruz, M. G.: Assessing the effect of foliar moisture on the spread rate of crown fires, Int. J. Wildland Fire, 22, 415–427, 2012.
Alexander, M. E. and de Groot, W. J.: Fire behaviour in Jack pine stands as related to the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index (FWI) System. Canadian Forestry Service, Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, 1988.
Anderson, S. A. J. and Anderson, W. R.: Predicting the elevated dead fine fuel moisture content in gorse (Ulex europaeus L.) shrub fuels, Can. J. Forest Res., 39, 2355–2368, 2009.
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Short summary
We present a percentile-based calibration of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index (FWI) System for the United Kingdom (UK), developed from numerical weather prediction data, and evaluate it using historic wildfire records. The Fine Fuel Moisture Code, Initial Spread Index and final FWI component of the FWI system show the greatest predictive skill for UK wildfires. Our findings provide useful insights for any future redevelopment of the current operational UK fire danger rating system.
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