Articles | Volume 23, issue 3
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1157-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1157-2023
Research article
 | 
21 Mar 2023
Research article |  | 21 Mar 2023

Deadly disasters in southeastern South America: flash floods and landslides of February 2022 in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro

Enner Alcântara, José A. Marengo, José Mantovani, Luciana R. Londe, Rachel Lau Yu San, Edward Park, Yunung Nina Lin, Jingyu Wang, Tatiana Mendes, Ana Paula Cunha, Luana Pampuch, Marcelo Seluchi, Silvio Simões, Luz Adriana Cuartas, Demerval Goncalves, Klécia Massi, Regina Alvalá, Osvaldo Moraes, Carlos Souza Filho, Rodolfo Mendes, and Carlos Nobre

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Cited articles

Albuquerque, J. P. D., Herfort, B., and Eckle, M.: The Tasks of the Crowd: A Typology of Tasks in Geographic Information Crowdsourcing and a Case Study in Humanitarian Mapping, Remote Sens., 8, 1–22, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs8100859, 2016.  
Ansari, H., Zan, F. D., and Bamler, R.: Efficient Phase Estimation for Interferogram Stacks, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote, 56, 4109–4125, 10.1109/TGRS.2018.2826045. 2018. 
Avelar, A. S., Netto, A. L. C., Lacerda, W. A, Becker, L. B., and Mendonça, M. B.: Mechanisms of the recent catastrophic landslides in the mountainous range of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in: Landslide science and practice. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 265–270, ISBN 978-3-642-31337-0-34, 2013. 
Ávila, F. F., Alvalá, R. C., Mendes, R. M., and Amore, D. J.: The influence of land use/land cover variability and rainfall intensity in triggering landslides: a back-analysis study via physically based models, Nat. Hazards, 105, 1139–1161, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-020-04324-x, 2021. 
Brasil: Lei no 12.651, de 25 de maio de 2012, https://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2011-2014/2012/lei/l12651.htm (last access: 1 May 2022), 2012. 
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The municipality of Petrópolis (approximately 305 687 inhabitants) is nestled in the mountains 68 km outside the city of Rio de Janeiro. On 15 February 2022, the city of Petrópolis in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, received an unusually high volume of rain within 3 h (258 mm). This resulted in flash floods and subsequent landslides that caused 231 fatalities, the deadliest landslide disaster recorded in Petrópolis. This work shows how the disaster was triggered.
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