Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2023-100
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2023-100
31 Jul 2023
 | 31 Jul 2023
Status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.

Brief communication: Soil moisture observations reconcile the discrepancy in detecting tornado early-stage track during the 24–25 March 2023 Mississippi outbreak

Jingyu Wang, Xianfeng Wang, Edward Park, and Yun Lin

Abstract. A series of tornadoes hit Western Mississippi on 24–25 March 2023, resulting in at least 26 deaths and massive destruction. The most devasting long-track EF4 tornado has been confirmed to touch down at southeast of Mayersville, Mississippi, however considerable inconsistency was found regarding its touchdown location and precise damage track between the onsite spotter reports and aftermath damage survey assessments. Such variation is a combined result of nocturnal occurrence (low nighttime visibility for spotter) and lack of assessment reference on non-vegetated farmland (high uncertainty of damage location for ground survey). This study suggests such discrepancy can be reconciled through the tornado damage scar captured by soil moisture observations.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Jingyu Wang, Xianfeng Wang, Edward Park, and Yun Lin

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2023-100', Anonymous Referee #1, 04 Aug 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC1', Jingyu Wang, 11 Sep 2023
  • AC1: 'Comment on nhess-2023-100', Jingyu Wang, 12 Aug 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2023-100', Anonymous Referee #2, 08 Sep 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Jingyu Wang, 11 Sep 2023

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2023-100', Anonymous Referee #1, 04 Aug 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC1', Jingyu Wang, 11 Sep 2023
  • AC1: 'Comment on nhess-2023-100', Jingyu Wang, 12 Aug 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2023-100', Anonymous Referee #2, 08 Sep 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Jingyu Wang, 11 Sep 2023
Jingyu Wang, Xianfeng Wang, Edward Park, and Yun Lin
Jingyu Wang, Xianfeng Wang, Edward Park, and Yun Lin

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Latest update: 14 Jul 2024
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Short summary
Building upon the findings in a preceding study by the authors (Wang et al., 2023), this brief communication successfully applied the soil moisture-based tornado damage track detection method to the 24–25 March 2023 Mississippi outbreak. This study also found that the notable discrepancies between spotter reports and ground survey assessments at the tornado early stage can be reconciled using the new method.
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