Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2643–2678, 2021

Special issue: Venice flooding: understanding, prediction capabilities, and...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2643–2678, 2021
Review article
 | Highlight paper
01 Sep 2021
Review article  | Highlight paper | 01 Sep 2021

Sea-level rise in Venice: historic and future trends (review article)

Davide Zanchettin et al.

Related authors

The 1600 CE Huaynaputina eruption as a possible trigger for persistent cooling in the North Atlantic region
Sam White, Eduardo Moreno-Chamarro, Davide Zanchettin, Heli Huhtamaa, Dagomar Degroot, Markus Stoffel, and Christophe Corona
Clim. Past, 18, 739–757,,, 2022
Short summary
Effects of forcing differences and initial conditions on inter-model agreement in the VolMIP volc-pinatubo-full experiment
Davide Zanchettin, Claudia Timmreck, Myriam Khodri, Anja Schmidt, Matthew Toohey, Manabu Abe, Slimane Bekki, Jason Cole, Shih-Wei Fang, Wuhu Feng, Gabriele Hegerl, Ben Johnson, Nicolas Lebas, Allegra N. LeGrande, Graham W. Mann, Lauren Marshall, Landon Rieger, Alan Robock, Sara Rubinetti, Kostas Tsigaridis, and Helen Weierbach
Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 2265–2292,,, 2022
Short summary
Extreme floods of Venice: characteristics, dynamics, past and future evolution (review article)
Piero Lionello, David Barriopedro, Christian Ferrarin, Robert J. Nicholls, Mirko Orlić, Fabio Raicich, Marco Reale, Georg Umgiesser, Michalis Vousdoukas, and Davide Zanchettin
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2705–2731,,, 2021
Short summary
The prediction of floods in Venice: methods, models and uncertainty (review article)
Georg Umgiesser, Marco Bajo, Christian Ferrarin, Andrea Cucco, Piero Lionello, Davide Zanchettin, Alvise Papa, Alessandro Tosoni, Maurizio Ferla, Elisa Coraci, Sara Morucci, Franco Crosato, Andrea Bonometto, Andrea Valentini, Mirko Orlić, Ivan D. Haigh, Jacob Woge Nielsen, Xavier Bertin, André Bustorff Fortunato, Begoña Pérez Gómez, Enrique Alvarez Fanjul, Denis Paradis, Didier Jourdan, Audrey Pasquet, Baptiste Mourre, Joaquín Tintoré, and Robert J. Nicholls
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2679–2704,,, 2021
Short summary
Venice flooding and sea level: past evolution, present issues, and future projections (introduction to the special issue)
Piero Lionello, Robert J. Nicholls, Georg Umgiesser, and Davide Zanchettin
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2633–2641,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Sea, Ocean and Coastal Hazards
Generating reliable estimates of tropical-cyclone-induced coastal hazards along the Bay of Bengal for current and future climates using synthetic tracks
Tim Willem Bart Leijnse, Alessio Giardino, Kees Nederhoff, and Sofia Caires
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1863–1891,,, 2022
Short summary
The role of heat wave events in the occurrence and persistence of thermal stratification in the southern North Sea
Wei Chen, Joanna Staneva, Sebastian Grayek, Johannes Schulz-Stellenfleth, and Jens Greinert
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1683–1698,,, 2022
Short summary
Tsunami hazard in Lombok and Bali, Indonesia, due to the Flores back-arc thrust
Raquel P. Felix, Judith A. Hubbard, Kyle E. Bradley, Karen H. Lythgoe, Linlin Li, and Adam D. Switzer
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1665–1682,,, 2022
Short summary
Real-time coastal flood hazard assessment using DEM-based hydrogeomorphic classifiers
Keighobad Jafarzadegan, David F. Muñoz, Hamed Moftakhari, Joseph L. Gutenson, Gaurav Savant, and Hamid Moradkhani
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1419–1435,,, 2022
Short summary
Rapid tsunami force prediction by mode-decomposition-based surrogate modeling
Kenta Tozato, Shinsuke Takase, Shuji Moriguchi, Kenjiro Terada, Yu Otake, Yo Fukutani, Kazuya Nojima, Masaaki Sakuraba, and Hiromu Yokosu
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1267–1285,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Ablain, M., Becker, M., Benveniste, J., Cazenave, A., Champollion, N., Ciccarelli, S., Jevrejeva, S., Le Cozannet, G., Nicoletta, L., Loisel, H., Long, N., Maisongrande, P., Mallet, C., Marcos, M., Menendez, M., Meyssignac, B., Plater, A., Raucoules, D., Taramelli, A., Vignudelli, S., Valentini, E., Woodworth, P., and Woppelmann, G.: White paper: Monitoring the evolution of coastal zones under various forcing factors using space-based observing systems, International Space Science Institute (ISS), Bern, Switzerland, available at: (last access: 5 August 2021), 2016. a
Adloff, F., Somot, S., Sevault, F., Jordà, G., Aznar, R., Déqué, M., Herrmann, M., Marcos, M., Dubois, C., Padorno, E., Alvarez-Fanjul, E., and Gomis, D.: Mediterranean Sea response to climate change in an ensemble of twenty first century scenarios, Clim. Dynam., 45, 2775–2802,, 2015. a
Adloff, F., Jordà, G., Somot, S., Sevault, F., Arsouze, T., Meyssignac, B., Li, L., and Planton, S.: Improving sea level simulation in Mediterranean regional climate models, Clim. Dynam., 51, 1167–1178,, 2018. a, b, c, d, e
Alessio, S. M.: Digital signal processing and spectral analysis for scientists: concepts and applications, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2016. a
Allen, M. and Smith, L.: Monte Carlo SSA: Detecting irregular oscillations in the presence of colored noise, J. Climate, 9, 3373–3404,<3373:MCSDIO>2.0.CO;2, 1996. a
Short summary
Relative sea level in Venice rose by about 2.5 mm/year in the past 150 years due to the combined effect of subsidence and mean sea-level rise. We estimate the likely range of mean sea-level rise in Venice by 2100 due to climate changes to be between about 10 and 110 cm, with an improbable yet possible high-end scenario of about 170 cm. Projections of subsidence are not available, but historical evidence demonstrates that they can increase the hazard posed by climatically induced sea-level rise.
Final-revised paper