Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Review article
 | Highlight paper
01 Sep 2021
Review article | Highlight paper |  | 01 Sep 2021

Sea-level rise in Venice: historic and future trends (review article)

Davide Zanchettin, Sara Bruni, Fabio Raicich, Piero Lionello, Fanny Adloff, Alexey Androsov, Fabrizio Antonioli, Vincenzo Artale, Eugenio Carminati, Christian Ferrarin, Vera Fofonova, Robert J. Nicholls, Sara Rubinetti, Angelo Rubino, Gianmaria Sannino, Giorgio Spada, Rémi Thiéblemont, Michael Tsimplis, Georg Umgiesser, Stefano Vignudelli, Guy Wöppelmann, and Susanna Zerbini

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Cited articles

Ablain, M., Becker, M., Benveniste, J., Cazenave, A., Champollion, N., Ciccarelli, S., Jevrejeva, S., Le Cozannet, G., Nicoletta, L., Loisel, H., Long, N., Maisongrande, P., Mallet, C., Marcos, M., Menendez, M., Meyssignac, B., Plater, A., Raucoules, D., Taramelli, A., Vignudelli, S., Valentini, E., Woodworth, P., and Woppelmann, G.: White paper: Monitoring the evolution of coastal zones under various forcing factors using space-based observing systems, International Space Science Institute (ISS), Bern, Switzerland, available at: (last access: 5 August 2021), 2016. a
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Short summary
Relative sea level in Venice rose by about 2.5 mm/year in the past 150 years due to the combined effect of subsidence and mean sea-level rise. We estimate the likely range of mean sea-level rise in Venice by 2100 due to climate changes to be between about 10 and 110 cm, with an improbable yet possible high-end scenario of about 170 cm. Projections of subsidence are not available, but historical evidence demonstrates that they can increase the hazard posed by climatically induced sea-level rise.
Final-revised paper