Articles | Volume 21, issue 6
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1887–1908, 2021
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1887–1908, 2021

Research article 17 Jun 2021

Research article | 17 Jun 2021

Tsunami damage to ports: cataloguing damage to create fragility functions from the 2011 Tohoku event

Constance Ting Chua et al.

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Cited articles

AIR Worldwide: AIR Construction and Occupancy Class Code, available at: (last access: 5 April 2021), 2019. 
Akiyama, M., Frangopol, D. M., Arai, M., and Koshimura, S.: Reliability of bridges under tsunami hazards: Emphasis on the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake, Earthq. Spectra, 29, 295–314,, 2013. 
Ananth, C. V. and Kleinbaum, D. G.: Regression models for ordinal responses: a review of methods and applications, Int. J. Epidemiol., 26, 1323–1333,, 1997. 
Attary, N., Van De Lindt, J. W., Barbosa, A. R., Cox, D. T., and Unnikrishnan, V. U.: Performance-based tsunami engineering for risk assessment of structures subjected to multi-hazards: tsunami following earthquake, J. Earthq. Eng., 7, 1–20,, 2019. 
Benazir, Syamsidik, and Luthfi, M.: Assessment on Damages of Harbor Complexes Due to Impacts of the 2018 Palu-Donggala Tsunami, Indonesia, in: International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, edited by: Nguyen, T. V., Dou, X., and Tran, T. T., Springer, Singapore,, 2019. 
Short summary
Port industries are extremely vulnerable to coastal hazards such as tsunamis. Despite their pivotal role in local and global economies, there has been little attention paid to tsunami impacts on port industries. For the first time, tsunami damage data are being extensively collected for port structures and catalogued into a database. The study also provides fragility curves which describe the probability of damage exceedance for different port industries given different tsunami intensities.
Final-revised paper