Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2705–2731, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2705-2021

Special issue: Venice flooding: understanding, prediction capabilities, and...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2705–2731, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2705-2021
Review article
 | Highlight paper
01 Sep 2021
Review article  | Highlight paper | 01 Sep 2021

Extreme floods of Venice: characteristics, dynamics, past and future evolution (review article)

Piero Lionello et al.

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Cited articles

Androulidakis, Y. S., Kombiadou, K. D., Makris, C. V., Baltikas, V. N., and Krestenitis, Y. N.: Storm surges in the Mediterranean Sea: Variability and trends under future climatic conditions, Dynam. Atmos. Oceans, 71, 56–82, 2015. 
Annali: Annali Idrologici 1936, Elaborazioni e studi, Ufficio Idrografico del Magistrato alla Acque Venezia, Rome, Italy, 1941. 
Arns, A., Wahl, T., Wolff, C., Vafeidis, A. T., Haigh, I. D., Woodworth, P., Niehüser, S., and Jensen, J..: Non-linear interaction modulates global extreme sea levels, coastal flood exposure, and impacts, Nat. Commun., 11, 1–9, 2020. 
Bajo, M., Zampato, L., Umgiesser, G., Cucco, A., and Canestrelli, P.: A finite element operational model for storm surge prediction in Venice, Estuar. Coast. Shelf S., 75, 236–249, 2007. 
Bajo, M., Međugorac, I., Umgiesser, G., and Orlić, M.: Storm surge and seiche modelling in the Adriatic Sea and the impact of data assimilation, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 145, 2070–2084, 2019. 
Short summary
In this review we describe the factors leading to the extreme water heights producing the floods of Venice. We discuss the different contributions, their relative importance, and the resulting compound events. We highlight the role of relative sea level rise and the observed past and very likely future increase in extreme water heights, showing that they might be up to 160 % higher at the end of the 21st century than presently.
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