Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2705–2731, 2021

Special issue: Venice flooding: understanding, prediction capabilities, and...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2705–2731, 2021

Review article 01 Sep 2021

Review article | 01 Sep 2021

Extreme floods of Venice: characteristics, dynamics, past and future evolution (review article)

Piero Lionello et al.

Data sets

Extreme Sea level - RCP45 JRC - Joint Research Centre

Extreme Sea level - RCP85 JRC - Joint Research Centre

NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - Physical Sciences Laboratory (PSL)

Punta della Salute tide gauge data ISPRA - Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale

Acque alte eccezionali Città di Venezia

Short summary
In this review we describe the factors leading to the extreme water heights producing the floods of Venice. We discuss the different contributions, their relative importance, and the resulting compound events. We highlight the role of relative sea level rise and the observed past and very likely future increase in extreme water heights, showing that they might be up to 160 % higher at the end of the 21st century than presently.
Final-revised paper