Articles | Volume 22, issue 3
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-1083-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-1083-2022
Research article
 | 
01 Apr 2022
Research article |  | 01 Apr 2022

Assessing the effectiveness and the economic impact of evacuation: the case of the island of Vulcano, Italy

Costanza Bonadonna, Ali Asgary, Franco Romerio, Tais Zulemyan, Corine Frischknecht, Chiara Cristiani, Mauro Rosi, Chris E. Gregg, Sebastien Biass, Marco Pistolesi, Scira Menoni, and Antonio Ricciardi

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Cited articles

Abdelgawad, H. and Abdulhai, B.: Emergency evacuation planning as a network design problem: a critical review, Transp. Lett., 1, 41–58, 2009. 
Alvarado, G. E., Mele, D., Dellino, P., de Moor, J. M., and Avard, G.: Are the ashes from the latest eruptions (2010–2016) at Turrialba volcano related to phreatic or phreatomagmatic events?, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 327, 407–415, 2016. 
Aretano, R., Petrosillo, I., Zaccarelli, N., Semeraro, T., and Zurlini, G.: People perception of landscape change effects on ecosystem services in small Mediterranean islands: A combination of subjective and objective assessments, Landscape Urban Plan., 112, 63–73, 2013. 
Asgary, A. and Yang, P.: Simulating campus evacuation: case of york university, Society for Computer Simulation International, Proceedings of the Summer Computer Simulation Conference, 24–27 July 2016, Montréal, Québec, CA, 1–6pp., 2016. 
Auker, M. R., Sparks, R. S. J., Siebert, L., Crosweller, H. S., and Ewert, J.: A statistical analysis of the global historical volcanic fatalities record, Journal of Applied Volcanology, 2, 2, https://doi.org/10.1186/2191-5040-2-2, 2013. 
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Short summary
Evacuation planning and management represent a key aspect of volcanic crises because they can increase people's protection as well as minimize the potential impacts on the economy, properties and infrastructure of the affected area. We present a simulation tool that assesses the effectiveness of different evacuation scenarios as well as a model to assess the economic impact of evacuation as a function of evacuation duration and starting period using the island of Vulcano (Italy) as a case study.
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