Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2633–2641, 2021

Special issue: Venice flooding: understanding, prediction capabilities, and...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2633–2641, 2021
Review article
 | Highlight paper
01 Sep 2021
Review article  | Highlight paper | 01 Sep 2021

Venice flooding and sea level: past evolution, present issues, and future projections (introduction to the special issue)

Piero Lionello et al.

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Sea-level rise in Venice: historic and future trends (review article)
Davide Zanchettin, Sara Bruni, Fabio Raicich, Piero Lionello, Fanny Adloff, Alexey Androsov, Fabrizio Antonioli, Vincenzo Artale, Eugenio Carminati, Christian Ferrarin, Vera Fofonova, Robert J. Nicholls, Sara Rubinetti, Angelo Rubino, Gianmaria Sannino, Giorgio Spada, Rémi Thiéblemont, Michael Tsimplis, Georg Umgiesser, Stefano Vignudelli, Guy Wöppelmann, and Susanna Zerbini
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2643–2678,,, 2021
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Extreme floods of Venice: characteristics, dynamics, past and future evolution (review article)
Piero Lionello, David Barriopedro, Christian Ferrarin, Robert J. Nicholls, Mirko Orlić, Fabio Raicich, Marco Reale, Georg Umgiesser, Michalis Vousdoukas, and Davide Zanchettin
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The prediction of floods in Venice: methods, models and uncertainty (review article)
Georg Umgiesser, Marco Bajo, Christian Ferrarin, Andrea Cucco, Piero Lionello, Davide Zanchettin, Alvise Papa, Alessandro Tosoni, Maurizio Ferla, Elisa Coraci, Sara Morucci, Franco Crosato, Andrea Bonometto, Andrea Valentini, Mirko Orlić, Ivan D. Haigh, Jacob Woge Nielsen, Xavier Bertin, André Bustorff Fortunato, Begoña Pérez Gómez, Enrique Alvarez Fanjul, Denis Paradis, Didier Jourdan, Audrey Pasquet, Baptiste Mourre, Joaquín Tintoré, and Robert J. Nicholls
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2679–2704,,, 2021
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The effect of cyclones crossing the Mediterranean region on sea level anomalies on the Mediterranean Sea coast
Piero Lionello, Dario Conte, and Marco Reale
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1541–1564,,, 2019
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Impact of humidity biases on light precipitation occurrence: observations versus simulations
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Sea, Ocean and Coastal Hazards
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Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1863–1891,,, 2022
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Tsunami hazard in Lombok and Bali, Indonesia, due to the Flores back-arc thrust
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Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1665–1682,,, 2022
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Real-time coastal flood hazard assessment using DEM-based hydrogeomorphic classifiers
Keighobad Jafarzadegan, David F. Muñoz, Hamed Moftakhari, Joseph L. Gutenson, Gaurav Savant, and Hamid Moradkhani
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Kenta Tozato, Shinsuke Takase, Shuji Moriguchi, Kenjiro Terada, Yu Otake, Yo Fukutani, Kazuya Nojima, Masaaki Sakuraba, and Hiromu Yokosu
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Cited articles

Bajo, M., Međugorac, I., Umgiesser, G., and Orlić, M.: Storm surge and seiche modelling in the Adriatic Sea and the impact of data assimilation, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 145, 2070–2084, 2019. 
Bondesan, A. and Furlanetto, P.: Artificial fluvial diversions in the mainland of the Lagoon of Venice during the 16th and 17th centuries inferred by historical cartography analysis, Géomorph. Rel. Proc. Environ., 18, 175–200, 2012. 
Cavaleri, L., Bertotti, L., Buizza, R., Buzzi, A., Masato, V., Umgiesser, G., and Zampieri, M.: Predictability of extreme meteo-oceanographic events in the Adriatic Sea, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136, 400–413, 2010. 
Cavaleri, L., Bajo, M., Barbariol, F., Bastianini, M., Benetazzo, A., Bertotti, L., Chiggiato, J., Ferrarin, C., Trincardi, F., and Umgiesser, G.: The 2019 Flooding of Venice and its implications for future predictions, Oceanography, 33, 42–49, 2020. 
CPSM: Distribuzione decennale delle alte maree, available at:, last access: 1 August 2021. 

The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
Venice is an iconic place, and a paradigm of huge historical and cultural value is at risk. The threat posed by floods has dramatically increased in recent decades and is expected to continue to grow – and even accelerate – through this century. There is a need to better understand the future evolution of the relative sea level and its extremes and to develop adaptive planning strategies appropriate for present uncertainty, which might not be substantially reduced in the near future.
Final-revised paper