Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Review article
 | Highlight paper
01 Sep 2021
Review article | Highlight paper |  | 01 Sep 2021

Venice flooding and sea level: past evolution, present issues, and future projections (introduction to the special issue)

Piero Lionello, Robert J. Nicholls, Georg Umgiesser, and Davide Zanchettin

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Cited articles

Bajo, M., Međugorac, I., Umgiesser, G., and Orlić, M.: Storm surge and seiche modelling in the Adriatic Sea and the impact of data assimilation, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 145, 2070–2084, 2019. 
Bondesan, A. and Furlanetto, P.: Artificial fluvial diversions in the mainland of the Lagoon of Venice during the 16th and 17th centuries inferred by historical cartography analysis, Géomorph. Rel. Proc. Environ., 18, 175–200, 2012. 
Cavaleri, L., Bertotti, L., Buizza, R., Buzzi, A., Masato, V., Umgiesser, G., and Zampieri, M.: Predictability of extreme meteo-oceanographic events in the Adriatic Sea, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136, 400–413, 2010. 
Cavaleri, L., Bajo, M., Barbariol, F., Bastianini, M., Benetazzo, A., Bertotti, L., Chiggiato, J., Ferrarin, C., Trincardi, F., and Umgiesser, G.: The 2019 Flooding of Venice and its implications for future predictions, Oceanography, 33, 42–49, 2020. 
CPSM: Distribuzione decennale delle alte maree, available at:, last access: 1 August 2021. 

The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
Venice is an iconic place, and a paradigm of huge historical and cultural value is at risk. The threat posed by floods has dramatically increased in recent decades and is expected to continue to grow – and even accelerate – through this century. There is a need to better understand the future evolution of the relative sea level and its extremes and to develop adaptive planning strategies appropriate for present uncertainty, which might not be substantially reduced in the near future.
Final-revised paper