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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Flood risk management requires a realistic estimation of flood losses. However, the capacity of available flood damage models to depict real damages is questionable. With a joint effort of eight research groups, the objective of this study was to compare the performances of nine models for the estimation of flood damage to buildings. The comparison provided more objective insights on the transferability of the models and on the reliability of their estimations.
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NHESS | Articles | Volume 20, issue 11
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2997–3017, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-2997-2020
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2997–3017, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-2997-2020

Research article 09 Nov 2020

Research article | 09 Nov 2020

Are flood damage models converging to “reality”? Lessons learnt from a blind test

Daniela Molinari et al.

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Amadio, M., Scorzini, A. R., Carisi, F., Essenfelder, A. H., Domeneghetti, A., Mysiak, J., and Castellarin, A.: Testing empirical and synthetic flood damage models: the case of Italy, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 661–678, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-661-2019, 2019. 
André, C., Monfort, D., Bouzit, M., and Vinchon, C.: Contribution of insurance data to cost assessment of coastal flood damage to residential buildings: insights gained from Johanna (2008) and Xynthia (2010) storm events, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 2003–2012, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-13-2003-2013, 2013. 
Andreani, M., Gaikwad, A. J., Ganju, S., Gera, B., Grigoryev, S., Herranz, L. E., Huhtanen, R., Kale, V., Kanaev, A., Kapulla, R., Kelm, S., Kim, J., Nishimurai, T., Paladino, D., Paranjape, S., Schramm, B., Sharabi, M., Shen, F., Wei, B., Yan, D., and Zhang, R.: Synthesis of a CFD benchmark exercise based on a test in the PANDA facility addressing the stratification erosion by a vertical jet in presence of a flow obstruction, Nucl. Eng. Des., 354, 110177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2019.110177, 2019. 
Arrighi, C., Brugioni, M., Castelli, F., Franceschini, S., and Mazzanti, B.: Flood risk assessment in art cities: the exemplary case of Florence (Italy), J. Flood Risk Manage., 11, 616–631, https://doi.org/10.1111/jfr3.12226, 2018a. 
Arrighi, C., Rossi, L., Trasforini, E., Rudari, R., Ferraris, L., Brugioni, M., Franceschini, S., and Castelli, F.: Quantification of flood risk mitigation benefits: A building-scale damage assessment through the RASOR platform, J. Environ. Manage., 207, 92–104, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.11.017, 2018b. 
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Short summary
Flood risk management requires a realistic estimation of flood losses. However, the capacity of available flood damage models to depict real damages is questionable. With a joint effort of eight research groups, the objective of this study was to compare the performances of nine models for the estimation of flood damage to buildings. The comparison provided more objective insights on the transferability of the models and on the reliability of their estimations.
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