Articles | Volume 23, issue 6
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-2171-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-2171-2023
Review article
 | 
16 Jun 2023
Review article |  | 16 Jun 2023

Review article: A European perspective on wind and storm damage – from the meteorological background to index-based approaches to assess impacts

Daniel Gliksman, Paul Averbeck, Nico Becker, Barry Gardiner, Valeri Goldberg, Jens Grieger, Dörthe Handorf, Karsten Haustein, Alexia Karwat, Florian Knutzen, Hilke S. Lentink, Rike Lorenz, Deborah Niermann, Joaquim G. Pinto, Ronald Queck, Astrid Ziemann, and Christian L. E. Franzke

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Akbar, M. K., Kanjanda, S., and Musinguzi, A.: Effect of Bottom Friction, Wind Drag Coefficient, and Meteorological Forcing in Hindcast of Hurricane Rita Storm Surge Using SWAN + ADCIRC Model, J. Marine Sci. Eng., 5, 38, https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse5030038, 2017. 
Albrecht, A., Hanewinkel, M., Bauhus, J., and Kohnle, U.: How does silviculture affect storm damage in forests of south-western Germany? Results from empirical modeling based on long-term observations, Eur. J. Forest Res., 131, 229–247, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-010-0432-x, 2012. 
Albrecht, A., Kohnle, U., Hanewinkel, M., and Bauhus, J.: Storm damage of Douglas-fir unexpectedly high compared to Norway spruce, Ann. Forest Sci., 70, 195–207, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-012-0244-x, 2013. 
Albrecht, A. T., Fortin, M., Kohnle, U., and Ningre, F.: Coupling a tree growth model with storm damage modeling – conceptual approach and results of scenario simulations, Environ. Modell. Softw., 69, 63–76, 2015. 
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Short summary
Wind and storms are a major natural hazard and can cause severe economic damage and cost human lives. Hence, it is important to gauge the potential impact of using indices, which potentially enable us to estimate likely impacts of storms or other wind events. Here, we review basic aspects of wind and storm generation and provide an extensive overview of wind impacts and available indices. This is also important to better prepare for future climate change and corresponding changes to winds.
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