Articles | Volume 22, issue 5
Research article
04 May 2022
Research article |  | 04 May 2022

System vulnerability to flood events and risk assessment of railway systems based on national and river basin scales in China

Weihua Zhu, Kai Liu, Ming Wang, Philip J. Ward, and Elco E. Koks

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Cited articles

Alfieri, L., Burek, P., Dutra, E., Krzeminski, B., Muraro, D., Thielen, J., and Pappenberger, F.: GloFAS – global ensemble streamflow forecasting and flood early warning, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1161–1175,, 2013. 
Arnell, N. W. and Gosling, S. N.: The impacts of climate change on river flood risk at the global scale, Clim. Change, 134, 387–401,, 2016. 
Baker, J. W.: An introduction to probabilistic seismic hazard analysis(PSHA), White Paper, Version 1.3, 2008, Stanford University, (last access: 19 May 2020), 2008. 
Becker, A. and Grünewald, U.: Flood Risk in Central Europe, Science, 300, 1099,, 2003. 
Beek, L. P. H. van and Bierkens, M. F. P.: The Global Hydrological Model PCR-GLOBWB: Conceptualization, Parameterization and Verification, Report Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, (last access: 19 May 2020), 2008. 
Short summary
We present a simulation framework to analyse the system vulnerability and risk of the Chinese railway system to floods. To do so, we develop a method for generating flood events at both the national and river basin scale. Results show flood system vulnerability and risk of the railway system are spatially heterogeneous. The event-based approach shows how we can identify critical hotspots, taking the first steps in developing climate-resilient infrastructure.
Final-revised paper