Articles | Volume 21, issue 10
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3175–3198, 2021
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3175–3198, 2021

Research article 20 Oct 2021

Research article | 20 Oct 2021

Flood–pedestrian simulator for modelling human response dynamics during flood-induced evacuation: Hillsborough stadium case study

Mohammad Shirvani and Georges Kesserwani


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2021-79', Anonymous Referee #1, 19 Apr 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2021-79', Anonymous Referee #2, 24 Apr 2021
  • RC3: 'Comment on nhess-2021-79', Anonymous Referee #3, 28 May 2021
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC3', Georges Kesserwani, 21 Jun 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (06 Jul 2021) by Lindsay Beevers
AR by Georges Kesserwani on behalf of the Authors (07 Jul 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (26 Jul 2021) by Lindsay Beevers
RR by Anonymous Referee #3 (02 Aug 2021)
RR by Maurizio Mazzoleni (08 Aug 2021)
ED: Publish as is (27 Sep 2021) by Lindsay Beevers
Short summary
Flooding in and around urban hubs can stress people. Immediate evacuation is a usual countermeasure taken at the onset of a flooding event. The flood–pedestrian simulator simulates evacuation of people prior to and during a flood event. It provides information on the spatio-temporal responses of individuals, evacuation time, and possible safe destinations. This study demonstrates the simulator when considering more realistic human body and age characteristics and responses to floodwater.
Final-revised paper