Articles | Volume 20, issue 6
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-1867-2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-1867-2020
Research article
 | 
01 Jul 2020
Research article |  | 01 Jul 2020

Ambient conditions prevailing during hail events in central Europe

Michael Kunz, Jan Wandel, Elody Fluck, Sven Baumstark, Susanna Mohr, and Sebastian Schemm

Related authors

Characterizing hail-prone environments using convection-permitting reanalysis and overshooting top detections over south-central Europe
Antonio Giordani, Michael Kunz, Kristopher M. Bedka, Heinz Jürgen Punge, Tiziana Paccagnella, Valentina Pavan, Ines M. L. Cerenzia, and Silvana Di Sabatino
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2639,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2639, 2023
Short summary
Characteristics of hail hazard in South Africa based on satellite detection of convective storms
Heinz Jürgen Punge, Kristopher M. Bedka, Michael Kunz, Sarah D. Bang, and Kyle F. Itterly
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 1549–1576, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1549-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1549-2023, 2023
Short summary
A multi-disciplinary analysis of the exceptional flood event of July 2021 in central Europe – Part 1: Event description and analysis
Susanna Mohr, Uwe Ehret, Michael Kunz, Patrick Ludwig, Alberto Caldas-Alvarez, James E. Daniell, Florian Ehmele, Hendrik Feldmann, Mário J. Franca, Christian Gattke, Marie Hundhausen, Peter Knippertz, Katharina Küpfer, Bernhard Mühr, Joaquim G. Pinto, Julian Quinting, Andreas M. Schäfer, Marc Scheibel, Frank Seidel, and Christina Wisotzky
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 525–551, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-525-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-525-2023, 2023
Short summary
Radar-based assessment of hail frequency in Europe
Elody Fluck, Michael Kunz, Peter Geissbuehler, and Stefan P. Ritz
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 683–701, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-683-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-683-2021, 2021
Short summary
The role of large-scale dynamics in an exceptional sequence of severe thunderstorms in Europe May–June 2018
Susanna Mohr, Jannik Wilhelm, Jan Wandel, Michael Kunz, Raphael Portmann, Heinz Jürgen Punge, Manuel Schmidberger, Julian F. Quinting, and Christian M. Grams
Weather Clim. Dynam., 1, 325–348, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-1-325-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-1-325-2020, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Atmospheric, Meteorological and Climatological Hazards
Application of the teaching–learning-based optimization algorithm to an analytical model of thunderstorm outflows to analyze the variability of the downburst kinematic and geometric parameters
Andi Xhelaj and Massimiliano Burlando
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1657–1679, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1657-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1657-2024, 2024
Short summary
Projections and uncertainties of winter windstorm damage in Europe in a changing climate
Luca G. Severino, Chahan M. Kropf, Hilla Afargan-Gerstman, Christopher Fairless, Andries Jan de Vries, Daniela I. V. Domeisen, and David N. Bresch
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1555–1578, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1555-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1555-2024, 2024
Short summary
Improving seasonal predictions of German Bight storm activity
Daniel Krieger, Sebastian Brune, Johanna Baehr, and Ralf Weisse
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1539–1554, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1539-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1539-2024, 2024
Short summary
A satellite view of the exceptionally warm summer of 2022 over Europe
João P. A. Martins, Sara Caetano, Carlos Pereira, Emanuel Dutra, and Rita M. Cardoso
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1501–1520, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1501-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1501-2024, 2024
Short summary
Demographic yearbooks as a source of weather-related fatalities: the Czech Republic, 1919–2022
Rudolf Brázdil, Kateřina Chromá, and Pavel Zahradníček
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 1437–1457, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1437-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-1437-2024, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Aran, M., Pena, J., and Torà, M.: Atmospheric circulation patterns associated with hail events in Lleida (Catalonia), Atmos. Res., 100, 428–438, 2011. a
Barras, H., Hering, A., Martynov, A., Noti, P.-A., Germann, U., and Martius, O.: Experiences with >50 000 crowd-sourced hail reports in Switzerland, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 100, 1429–1440, 2019. a
Barthlott, C., Burton, R., Kirshbaum, D., Hanley, K., Richard, E., Chaboureau, J.-P., Trentmann, J., Kern, B., Bauer, H.-S., Schwitall, T., Keil, C., Seity, Y., Gadian, A., Blyth, A., Mobbs, S., Flamant, C., and Handwerker, J.: Initiation of deep convection at marginal instability in an ensemble of mesoscale models: A case study from COPS, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 118–136, 2011. a
Bedka, K. M.: Overshooting cloud top detections using MSG SEVIRI Infrared brightness temperatures and their relationship to severe weather over Europe, Atmos. Res., 99, 175–189, 2011. a, b
Berthet, C., Dessens, J., and Sanchez, J. L.: Regional and yearly variations of hail frequency and intensity in France, Atmos. Res., 100, 391–400, 2011. a
Download
Short summary
Severe convective storms are major loss drivers across Europe. We reconstructed several thousand storm tracks from radar reflectivity over a 10-year period for parts of Europe. The tracks were additionally combined with hail reports, reanalysis data, and front detections based on ERA-Interim (ECMWF Reanalysis). It is found that frontal hailstorms on average produce larger hailstones and have longer tracks and that wind shear is important not only for the hail diameter but also for track length.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint