Articles | Volume 20, issue 6
Research article
01 Jul 2020
Research article |  | 01 Jul 2020

Ambient conditions prevailing during hail events in central Europe

Michael Kunz, Jan Wandel, Elody Fluck, Sven Baumstark, Susanna Mohr, and Sebastian Schemm

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Cited articles

Aran, M., Pena, J., and Torà, M.: Atmospheric circulation patterns associated with hail events in Lleida (Catalonia), Atmos. Res., 100, 428–438, 2011. a
Barras, H., Hering, A., Martynov, A., Noti, P.-A., Germann, U., and Martius, O.: Experiences with >50 000 crowd-sourced hail reports in Switzerland, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 100, 1429–1440, 2019. a
Barthlott, C., Burton, R., Kirshbaum, D., Hanley, K., Richard, E., Chaboureau, J.-P., Trentmann, J., Kern, B., Bauer, H.-S., Schwitall, T., Keil, C., Seity, Y., Gadian, A., Blyth, A., Mobbs, S., Flamant, C., and Handwerker, J.: Initiation of deep convection at marginal instability in an ensemble of mesoscale models: A case study from COPS, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 118–136, 2011. a
Bedka, K. M.: Overshooting cloud top detections using MSG SEVIRI Infrared brightness temperatures and their relationship to severe weather over Europe, Atmos. Res., 99, 175–189, 2011. a, b
Berthet, C., Dessens, J., and Sanchez, J. L.: Regional and yearly variations of hail frequency and intensity in France, Atmos. Res., 100, 391–400, 2011. a
Short summary
Severe convective storms are major loss drivers across Europe. We reconstructed several thousand storm tracks from radar reflectivity over a 10-year period for parts of Europe. The tracks were additionally combined with hail reports, reanalysis data, and front detections based on ERA-Interim (ECMWF Reanalysis). It is found that frontal hailstorms on average produce larger hailstones and have longer tracks and that wind shear is important not only for the hail diameter but also for track length.
Final-revised paper