Articles | Volume 19, issue 8
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-1703-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-1703-2019
Research article
 | 
12 Aug 2019
Research article |  | 12 Aug 2019

Enhancement of large-scale flood risk assessments using building-material-based vulnerability curves for an object-based approach in urban and rural areas

Johanna Englhardt, Hans de Moel, Charles K. Huyck, Marleen C. de Ruiter, Jeroen C. J. H. Aerts, and Philip J. Ward

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Alagbe, O. A. and Opoko, A. P.: Housing Nigerian Urban Poor through Self-Build Housing Concept Using Compressed Stabilized Laterite Bricks, Int. J. Res. Social Sci., 2, 13–18, 2013. 
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Arnell, N. W. and Gosling, S. N.: The impacts of climate change on river flood risk at the global scale, Climatic Change, 134, 387–401, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-014-1084-5, 2016. 
Billi, P., Alemu, Y. T., and Ciampalini, R.: Increased frequency of flash floods in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia: Change in rainfall intensity or human impact?, Nat. Hazards, 76, 1373–1394, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-014-1554-0, 2015. 
Buck, W.: Die neue DWA-Arbeitshilfe Hochwasserschadensinformationen, Fünf Jahre nach der Flut. Hochwasserschutzkonzepte – Planung, Berechnung, Realisierung, Dresdner Wasserbaukolloquium, 8–9 October 2007, Dresden, 95–103, 2007. 
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Short summary
Large-scale risk assessments can be improved by a more direct relation between the type of exposed buildings and their flood impact. Compared to the common land-use-based approach, this model reflects heterogeneous structures and defines building-material-based vulnerability classes. This approach is particularly interesting for areas with large variations of building types, such as developing countries and large scales, and enables vulnerability comparison across different natural disasters.
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