Articles | Volume 22, issue 10
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 3285–3307, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-3285-2022
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 3285–3307, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-3285-2022
Research article
12 Oct 2022
Research article | 12 Oct 2022

Sensitivity of simulating Typhoon Haiyan (2013) using WRF: the role of cumulus convection, surface flux parameterizations, spectral nudging, and initial and boundary conditions

Rafaela Jane Delfino et al.

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Cited articles

Adeniyi, M. O.: Sensitivities of the Tiedtke and Kain-Fritsch Convection Schemes for RegCM4.5 over West Africa, Meteorology Hydrology and Water Management, 7, 27–37, https://doi.org/10.26491/mhwm/103797, 2019. 
Alaka Jr., G. J., Zhang, X., aand Gopalakrishnan, S. G.: High-Definition Hurricanes: Improving Forecasts with Storm-Following Nests, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 103, E680–E703, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0134.1, 2022. 
Aragon, L. G. B. and Pura, A. G.: Analysis of the displacement error of the WRF–ARW model in predicting tropical cyclone tracks over the Philippines, Meteorol. Appl., 23, 401–408, https://doi.org/10.1002/met.1564, 2016. 
Bagtasa, G.: Contribution of Tropical Cyclones to Rainfall in the Philippines, J. Climate, 30, 3621–3633, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0150.1, 2017. 
Bagtasa, G.: Influence of Madden–Julian oscillation on the intraseasonal variability of summer and winter monsoon rainfall in the Philippines, J. Climate, 33, 9581–9594, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0305.1, 2020. 
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Short summary
We showed the effects of altering the choice of cumulus schemes, surface flux options, and spectral nudging with a high level of sensitivity to cumulus schemes in simulating an intense typhoon. We highlight the advantage of using an ensemble of cumulus parameterizations to take into account the uncertainty in simulating typhoons such as Haiyan in 2013. This study is useful in addressing the growing need to plan and prepare for as well as reduce the impacts of intense typhoons in the Philippines.
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