Articles | Volume 22, issue 5
Research article
19 May 2022
Research article |  | 19 May 2022

The role of heat wave events in the occurrence and persistence of thermal stratification in the southern North Sea

Wei Chen, Joanna Staneva, Sebastian Grayek, Johannes Schulz-Stellenfleth, and Jens Greinert

Model code and software

NEMO ocean engine Madec Gurvan, Romain Bourdallé-Badie, Jérôme Chanut, Emanuela Clementi, Andrew Coward, Christian Ethé, Doroteaciro Iovino, Dan Lea, Claire Lévy, Tomas Lovato, Nicolas Martin, Sébastien Masson, Silvia Mocavero, Clément Rousset, Dave Storkey, Simon Müeller, George Nurser, Mike Bell, Guillaume Samson, Pierre Mathiot, Francesca Mele, and Aimie Moulin

Third generation spectral wave model WAM Cycle 6 A. Behrens

Short summary
This study links the occurrence and persistence of density stratification in the southern North Sea to the increased number of extreme marine heat waves. The study further identified the role of the cold spells at the early stage of a year to the intensity of thermal stratification in summer. In a broader context, the research will have fundamental significance for further discussion of the secondary effects of heat wave events, such as in ecosystems, fisheries, and sediment dynamics.
Final-revised paper