Articles | Volume 20, issue 2
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 451–470, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-451-2020

Special issue: Natural hazard impacts on technological systems and...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 451–470, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-451-2020
Research article
19 Feb 2020
Research article | 19 Feb 2020

Assessing transportation vulnerability to tsunamis: utilising post-event field data from the 2011 Tōhoku tsunami, Japan, and the 2015 Illapel tsunami, Chile

James H. Williams et al.

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Cited articles

Aránguiz, R., González, G., González, J., Catalán, P. A., Cienfuegos, R., Yagi, Y., Okuwaki, R., Urra, L., Contreras, K., Del Rio, I., and Rojas, C.: The 16 September 2015 Chile Tsunami from the Post-Tsunami Survey and Numerical Modeling Perspectives, Pure Appl. Geophys., 173, 333–348, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-015-1225-4, 2016. 
Aránguiz, R., Urra, L., Okuwaki, R., and Yagi, Y.: Development and application of a tsunami fragility curve of the 2015 tsunami in Coquimbo, Chile, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 2143–2160, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-2143-2018, 2018. 
Ballantyne, D.: Sri Lanka lifelines after the December 2004 Great Sumatra earthquake and tsunami (SUPPL. 3), Earthq. Spectra, 22, 545–559, https://doi.org/10.1193/1.2211367, 2006. 
Bojorquez, E., Iervolino, I., Reyes-Salazar, A., and Ruiz, S. E.: Comparing vector-valued intensity measures for fragility analysis of steel frames in the case of narrow-band ground motions, Eng. Struct., 45, 472–480, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2012.07.002, 2012. 
Charvet, I., Suppasri, A., and Imamura, F.: Empirical fragility analysis of building damage caused by the 2011 Great East Japan tsunami in Ishinomaki city using ordinal regression, and influence of key geographical features, Stoch. Env. Res. Risk A., 28, 1853–1867, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00477-014-0850-2, 2014. 
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Short summary
Post-event field survey data from two tsunami events, the 2011 Tōhoku tsunami, Japan, and the 2015 Illapel tsunami, Chile, are used in this study to develop fragility functions for roads and bridges. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of supplementing post-event field surveys with remotely sensed data. The resulting fragility functions address a substantial research gap in tsunami impacts on infrastructure and include a range of subtleties in asset and hazard characteristics.
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