Articles | Volume 19, issue 2
Research article
22 Feb 2019
Research article |  | 22 Feb 2019

Estimations of rip current rescues and drowning in the United States

B. Chris Brewster, Richard E. Gould, and Robert W. Brander


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (19 Nov 2018) by Mauricio Gonzalez
AR by Chris Brewster on behalf of the Authors (05 Dec 2018)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (07 Dec 2018) by Mauricio Gonzalez
RR by Michael Slattery (17 Dec 2018)
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (17 Dec 2018)
ED: Publish as is (17 Dec 2018) by Mauricio Gonzalez
Short summary
Rip currents are the greatest hazard to swimmers at surf beaches, but studies of the percentage of rescues and number of drownings attributable to rip currents have reached varying conclusions. This study uses rescue data reported to the United States Lifesaving Association by surf beach rescuers to show that rip currents are the primary cause of an average of more than 80 % of surf rescues, and to estimate that, they are the primary contributor to over 100 drowning deaths annually in the US.
Final-revised paper