The street as an area of human exposure in an earthquake aftermath: the case of Lorca, Spain, 2011
- PACTE-Université de Grenoble-Alpes, PACTE UMR 5194 (CNRS, IEPG, UJF, UPMF), Grenoble, 38041, France
Abstract. The earthquake which struck the city of Lorca, Spain, on 11 May 2011 killed 9 people, injured over 300 and caused considerable damage, including one collapsed building. Streets near buildings were the main danger areas for people. This article proposes an dynamic ad hoc spatio-temporal method for studying individual evacuation after an earthquake. Its application to the Lorca case shows the spatial and temporal variability of individual exposure levels in the street during the hours following the shock. As yet little studied, human exposure deserves more attention, particularly in zones of moderate seismicity like the Euro-Mediterranean area. The results of this study could be helpful for enhancing the evacuation planning after an earthquake, stressing the specific dangers in the street.