Articles | Volume 17, issue 2
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 243–259, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-243-2017
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 243–259, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-243-2017

Research article 22 Feb 2017

Research article | 22 Feb 2017

A method to estimate freezing rain climatology from ERA-Interim reanalysis over Europe

Matti Kämäräinen et al.

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Cited articles

Bernstein, B. C.: Regional and Local Influences on Freezing Drizzle, Freezing Rain,and Ice Pellet Events, Weather Forecast., 15, 485–508, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0434(2000)015<0485:RALIOF>2.0.CO;2, 2000.
Bernstein, B. C. and Le Bot, C.: An Inferred Climatology of Icing Conditions Aloft, Including Supercooled Large Drops. Part II: Europe, Asia, and the Globe, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 48, 1503–1526, 2009.
Bernstein, B. C., Makkonen, L., and Järvinen, E.: European Icing Frequency Derived From Surface Observations, IWAIS XIII, Andermatt, 8–11 September, 2009.
Bezrukova, N. A., Jeck, R. K., Khalili, M. F., Minina, L. S., Naumov, A. Y., and Stulov, E. A.: Some statistics of freezing precipitation and rime for the territory of the former USSR from ground-based weather observations, Atmos. Res., 82, 203–221, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2005.10.011, 2006.
Bocchieri, J. R.: The Objective Use of Upper Air Soundings to Specify Precipitation Type, Mon. Weather Rev., 108, 596–603, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0596:TOUOUA>2.0.CO;2, 1980.
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Short summary
Freezing rain is a high-impact wintertime weather phenomenon. The direct damage it causes to critical infrastructure (transportation, communication and energy) and forestry can be substantial. In this work a method for estimating the occurrence of freezing rain was evaluated and used to derive the climatology. The method was able to accurately reproduce the observed, spatially aggregated annual variability. The highest frequencies of freezing rain were found in eastern and central Europe.
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