Articles | Volume 17, issue 12
Research article
19 Dec 2017
Research article |  | 19 Dec 2017

Conceptualizing community resilience to natural hazards – the emBRACE framework

Sylvia Kruse, Thomas Abeling, Hugh Deeming, Maureen Fordham, John Forrester, Sebastian Jülich, A. Nuray Karanci, Christian Kuhlicke, Mark Pelling, Lydia Pedoth, and Stefan Schneiderbauer

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Cited articles

Abeling, T.: According to plan?: Disaster risk knowledge and organizational responses to heat wave risk in London, UK, Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 1, 1–8,, 2015a.
Abeling, T.: Can we learn to be resilient? Institutional constraints for social learning in heatwave risk management in London, UK, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, King's College London, University of London, London, United Kingdom, 2015b.
Abeling, T., Huq, N., Chang-Seng, D., Birkmann, J., Wolfertz, J., Renaud, F., and Garschagen, M.: Understanding community disaster resilience, in: Framing Community Disaster Resilience: resources, capacities, learning and action, edited by: Deeming, H., Fordham, M., Kuhlicke, C., Pedoth, L., Schneiderbauer, S., and Shreve, C., Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom, in press, 2018.
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Alexander, D. E.: Resilience and disaster risk reduction: an etymological journey, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 2707–2716,, 2013.
Short summary
The emBRACE framework of community resilience conceptualizes resilience across three core domains: resources and capacities, actions, and learning. These are influenced by extra community forces, i.e. risk governance, societal context, disturbances and system change over time. It was developed by building on existing scholarly debates, on empirical case study work in five countries and on participatory consultation with community stakeholders where the framework was applied and ground-tested.
Final-revised paper