Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-3-1113-2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-3-1113-2015
05 Feb 2015
 | 05 Feb 2015
Status: this preprint was under review for the journal NHESS but the revision was not accepted.

Modelling of the hydrological connectivity changes in the Minjiang Upstream after the Wenchuan earthquake using satellite remote sensing and DEM data

H. Z. Zhang, T. H. Chi, and J. R. Fan

Abstract. The 2008 Wenchuan earthquake-induced landslides destroyed larger areas of mountain vegetation and produced large volume of landslide-debris, which made the vegetation's hydrological adjusting function diminished and made the hydrological progresses in slopes changed, resulting in severe erosion and catastrophic debris flows for a rather long time. Since 2008, the landslide-damaged vegetation and its hydrological function have been recovering. In this paper, the Minjiang Upstream watersheds around Yingxiu Town were selected. First, the landslide-damaged vegetation was identified and monitored via multi-temporal (2001–2014) satellite images. Then, the slope materials stability was assessed through topographic analysis of the vegetation survival environments. Then, the hydrological connectivity index (HCI) was defined to describe the upstream sediment production and downstream transport pathway. Finally, results indicated that HCI decreased annually with the vegetation recovery after the obvious increases during the earthquakes. While, analysis of 2008–2013 debris flow events indicated that the areas, the vertical drop to river <1000 m and the horizontal distance to river <2500 m, have high HCI increases and are more susceptible for debris flow formation. Monitoring the landslide-damaged vegetation recovery processes can contribute to assess the hydrological connectivity changes and understand the debris flow formation.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
H. Z. Zhang, T. H. Chi, and J. R. Fan
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
H. Z. Zhang, T. H. Chi, and J. R. Fan
H. Z. Zhang, T. H. Chi, and J. R. Fan

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Short summary
We model hydrological connectivity index (HCI) to detect the hydrologic processes changes with the landslide-damaged vegetation recovery in the Wenchuan earthquake-affected area, and the HCI results indicated that HCI obviously increased after the earthquake, and HCI decreased annually with the vegetation recovery. We consider that the lowest rainfall intensity and rainfall amount for debris flow initiation would rise up annually with HCI decreases and vegetation recovery.
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