The effect of earth tides as observed in seismo-electromagnetic precursory signals
- 1The University of Electro-Communications (UEC), Advanced Wireless Communications Research Center and Research Station on Seismo Electromagnetics, 1-5-1 Chofugaoka, Chofu Tokyo 182-8585, Japan
- 2Private scientist, 3-14-14 Nakaochiai, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 161-0032, Japan
- 3UEC, Department of Electronic Engineering, Chofu Tokyo, Japan
Abstract. Studies on the effect of earth tides in triggering earthquakes (EQs) had a great progress in recent years, which has provided convincing evidence of earth tides in EQ triggering. On the other hand, there have been accumulated a lot of evidences on the presence of seismogenic electromagnetic effects (such as ULF electromagnetic emissions from the lithosphere, ionospheric perturbations as detected by subionospheric VLF/LF propagation, etc.). Since the initial agent of these seismogenic electromagnetic effects is obviously due to some mechanical action around the EQ focal zone, the tidal effect as seen in EQ sequence should appear also in seismo-electromagnetic phenomena. Based on this expectation we have studied the tidal effect in different seismogenic phenomena, and have found that lithospheric ULF emissions exhibit a clear maximum-minimum-maximum pattern synchronized with the lunar phase of the EQ during several months before the EQ. As for VLF/LF propagation anomaly representing the lower ionospheric perturbation, we have found the tidal modulation very similar to ULF emissions, but less clear, and also there are some differences from the ULF case (such as occasional shift with respect to the lunar phase and/or the presence of higher frequency modulation, etc.). These findings are indicative that those electromagnetic phenomena reported to be in possible association with an EQ are really related with any preparatory phase of an EQ. This kind of study would be a bridge between the seismology and our seismo-electromagnetic study.