Articles | Volume 23, issue 6
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-2053-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-2053-2023
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07 Jun 2023
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 07 Jun 2023

Contribution of solitons to enhanced rogue wave occurrence in shallow depths: a case study in the southern North Sea

Ina Teutsch, Markus Brühl, Ralf Weisse, and Sander Wahls

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Latest update: 16 Apr 2024
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Short summary
Rogue waves exceed twice the significant wave height. They occur more often than expected in the shallow waters off Norderney. When applying a nonlinear Fourier transform for the Korteweg–de Vries equation to wave data from Norderney, we found differences in the soliton spectra of time series with and without rogue waves. A strongly outstanding soliton in the spectrum indicated an enhanced probability for rogue waves. We could attribute spectral solitons to the measured rogue waves.
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