Articles | Volume 23, issue 6
Research article
 | Highlight paper
07 Jun 2023
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 07 Jun 2023

Contribution of solitons to enhanced rogue wave occurrence in shallow depths: a case study in the southern North Sea

Ina Teutsch, Markus Brühl, Ralf Weisse, and Sander Wahls


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Short summary
Rogue waves exceed twice the significant wave height. They occur more often than expected in the shallow waters off Norderney. When applying a nonlinear Fourier transform for the Korteweg–de Vries equation to wave data from Norderney, we found differences in the soliton spectra of time series with and without rogue waves. A strongly outstanding soliton in the spectrum indicated an enhanced probability for rogue waves. We could attribute spectral solitons to the measured rogue waves.
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