Articles | Volume 22, issue 8
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-2751-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-2751-2022
Research article
 | 
23 Aug 2022
Research article |  | 23 Aug 2022

Estimating return intervals for extreme climate conditions related to winter disasters and livestock mortality in Mongolia

Masahiko Haraguchi, Nicole Davi, Mukund Palat Rao, Caroline Leland, Masataka Watanabe, and Upmanu Lall

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Latest update: 22 Jul 2024
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Short summary
Mass livestock mortality during severe winters (dzud in Mongolian) is a compound event. Summer droughts are a precondition for dzud. We estimate the return levels of relevant variables: summer drought conditions and minimum winter temperature. The result shows that the return levels of drought conditions vary over time. Winter severity, however, is constant. We link climatic factors to socioeconomic impacts and draw attention to the need for index insurance.
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