Articles | Volume 21, issue 4
Review article
26 Apr 2021
Review article |  | 26 Apr 2021

Review article: Observations for high-impact weather and their use in verification

Chiara Marsigli, Elizabeth Ebert, Raghavendra Ashrit, Barbara Casati, Jing Chen, Caio A. S. Coelho, Manfred Dorninger, Eric Gilleland, Thomas Haiden, Stephanie Landman, and Marion Mittermaier

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Cited articles

Anderson, G. and Klugmann, D.: A European lightning density analysis using 5 years of ATDnet data, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 815–829,, 2014. 
Barras, H., Hering, A., Martynov, A., Noti, P.-A., Germann, U., and Martius, O.: Experiences with >50 000 crowdsourced hail reports in Switzerland, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 100, 1429–1440,, 2019. 
Bazlova, T., Bocharnikov, N., and Solonin, A.: Aviation operational nowcasting systems, 3rd European Nowcasting Conference, Madrid, 24–26 April 2019, available at: (last access: 21 April 2021), 2019. 
Ben Bouallegue, Z., Haiden, T., Weber, N. J., Hamill, T. M., and Richardson, D. S.: Accounting for Representativeness in the Verification of Ensemble Precipitation Forecasts, Mon. Weather Rev., 148, 2049–2062,, 2020. 
Betz, H. D., Schmidt, K., Laroche, P., Blanchet, P., Oettinger, W. P., Defer, E., Dziewit, Z., and Konarski, J.: LINET – An international lightning detection network in Europe, Atmos. Res., 91, 564–573,, 2009. 
Short summary
This paper reviews new observations for the verification of high-impact weather and provides advice for their usage in objective verification. New observations include remote sensing datasets, products developed for nowcasting, datasets derived from telecommunication systems, data collected from citizens, reports of impacts and reports from insurance companies. This work has been performed in the framework of the Joint Working Group on Forecast Verification Research (JWGFVR) of the WMO.
Final-revised paper