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NHESS | Articles | Volume 20, issue 11
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 3083–3097, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-3083-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 3083–3097, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-3083-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 16 Nov 2020

Research article | 16 Nov 2020

The contribution of air temperature and ozone to mortality rates during hot weather episodes in eight German cities during the years 2000 and 2017

Alexander Krug et al.

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Analitis, A., Michelozzi, P., D'Ippoliti, D., De'Donato, F., Menne, B., Matthies, F., Atkinson, R. W., Iñiguez, C., Basagaña, X., Schneider, A., Lefranc, A., Paldy, A., Bisanti, L., and Katsouyanni, K.: Effects of Heat Waves on Mortality, Epidemiology, 25, 15–22, https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e31828ac01b, 2014. a, b
Analitis, A., de' Donato, F., Scortichini, M., Lanki, T., Basagana, X., Ballester, F., Astrom, C., Paldy, A., Pascal, M., Gasparrini, A., Michelozzi, P., and Katsouyanni, K.: Synergistic Effects of Ambient Temperature and Air Pollution on Health in Europe: Results from the PHASE Project, Int. J. Env. Res. Pub. He., 15, 1856, https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091856, 2018. a, b, c, d, e
an der Heiden, M., Muthers, S., Niemann, H., Buchholz, U., Grabenhenrich, L., and Matzarakis, A.: Schätzung hitzebedingter Todesfälle in Deutschland zwischen 2001 und 2015, Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 62, 571–579, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-019-02932-y, 2019. a
Anderson, B. G. and Bell, M. L.: Weather-Related Mortality: How Heat, Cold, and Heat Waves Affect Mortality in the United States, Epidemiology, 20, 205–213, https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e318190ee08, 2009. a, b, c, d
Anderson, G. B. and Bell, M. L.: Heat Waves in the United States: Mortality Risk during Heat Waves and Effect Modification by Heat Wave Characteristics in 43 U.S. Communities, Environ. Health Perspect., 119, 210–218, https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1002313, 2011. a, b, c, d, e
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This study investigates hot weather episodes in eight German cities which are statistically associated with increased mortality. Besides air temperature, ozone concentrations partly explain these mortality rates. The strength of the respective contributions of the two stressors varies across the cities. Results highlight that during hot weather episodes, not only high air temperature affects urban populations; concurrently high ozone concentrations also play an important role in public health.
This study investigates hot weather episodes in eight German cities which are statistically...
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