Articles | Volume 19, issue 11
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 2497–2511, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-2497-2019

Special issue: Advances in computational modelling of natural hazards and...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 2497–2511, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-2497-2019

Research article 12 Nov 2019

Research article | 12 Nov 2019

Reconstructing patterns of coastal risk in space and time along the US Atlantic coast, 1970–2016

Scott B. Armstrong and Eli D. Lazarus

Data sets

USGS Open-File Report 2010-1119: National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS Compilation of Vector Shorelines and Associated Shoreline Change Data for the New England and Mid-Atlantic Coasts E. A. Himmelstoss, M. Kratzmann, C. Hapke, E. R. Thieler, and J. List https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1119/

USGS Open File Report 2005-1326: The National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS Compilation of Vector Shorelines and Associated Shoreline Change Data for the US Southeast Atlantic Coast T. L. Miller, R. A. Morton, and A. H. Sallenger https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1326/

Lidar-derived beach morphology (dune crest, dune toe, and shoreline) for U.S. sandy coastlines (ver. 2.0 August~2018): US Geological Survey data release, Lidar-derived beach Morphol. (dune crest, dune toe, shoreline) US sandy coastlines K. S. Doran, J. W. Long, J. J. Birchler, O. T. Brenner, M. W. Hardy, K. L. M. Morgan, H. F. Stockdon, and M. L. Torres https://doi.org/10.5066/F7GF0S0Z

Tide Gauge Data PSMSL - Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level http://www.psmsl.org/data/obtaining

National Historical Geographic Information System: Version 2.0 Minnesota Population Center http://www.nhgis.org

PSDS: Beach nourishment database, Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines PSDS - Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines http://www.wcu.edu/1038.asp

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Short summary
This work examines relationships between coastal hazard, exposure, and vulnerability to describe trajectories of risk at the county scale along the US Atlantic coast over the past 5 decades. Our findings suggest that modelling efforts to predict future coastal risk need to address feedbacks between hazard, exposure, and vulnerability to capture emergent patterns of risk in space and time.
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