Review article: the use of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPASs) for natural hazards monitoring and management
- 1Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Torino, Italy
- 2Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
- 3University of Twente, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), Enschede, the Netherlands
- 43D Optical Metrology (3DOM) Unit, Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Trento, Italy
- 5Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of Padova, Legnaro, Italy
Abstract. The number of scientific studies that consider possible applications of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPASs) for the management of natural hazards effects and the identification of occurred damages strongly increased in the last decade. Nowadays, in the scientific community, the use of these systems is not a novelty, but a deeper analysis of the literature shows a lack of codified complex methodologies that can be used not only for scientific experiments but also for normal codified emergency operations. RPASs can acquire on-demand ultra-high-resolution images that can be used for the identification of active processes such as landslides or volcanic activities but can also define the effects of earthquakes, wildfires and floods. In this paper, we present a review of published literature that describes experimental methodologies developed for the study and monitoring of natural hazards.